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. re 

Printed ly Order of the Society, 

John Chamberkyne, 


irr-Ti'in mi, mi 

A N 






Eftabliftied by the Royal Charter of 


With their Proceedings andSucctfs, 

And Hopes of continual Progrefs under the 
HappyReign of Her moft Excellent Majefty 


L N D A r , 

Printed by Jofepb Downing, in Bartholomew-Clofe near 
WeSl-Smithfidd) i-jo 6. 





Foundation, Proceedings, and Succefs, 


SOCIETY Eftablidied for the 
Propagation of the Gofpel in 
Foreign Parts. 


§1./^ HRISTIANITY difWd 
from the JewiJI? Religion, as in 
diverfe other Refpe£ts, fo parti- 
cularly, that it was not to be 
confined to one People or Nation, but to be 
Preach'd, and to prevail thro' the whole World. 

Hence our BlefTed Saviour's Coramiffion was, introducho- 
to go teach and baptise all Nations. Hence the Apo- 
ftles foon turned to the Gentiles, and within the 
£rft Century, the Gofpel was in ErTecl: fpread 
to the then reputed Ends of the Earth, In the 

B fol- 


following Ages of the Church, there was an in- 
defatigable Induftry in the Biflbops and Paftors 
to propagate our Holy Faith and Worfhip a- 
mong the Heathens and Infidels, not fearing the 
Dangers of Perfecution and Death, Had this 
Primitive Zeal continued, the Glorious Work 
had been long fince accomplifhed $ God, by 
profpering Rich Endeavours, would have given 
his Son the Heathen, for his Inheritance, and the ut- 
uioft Tarts of the Earth for his Tojfefjkn. 

But even then, the Difcovery of a new World 
mull have open'd a new Scene : It is now more 
than two. hundred Years, fince Providence di- 
rected us to the Knowledge of America,. The 
Spaniards, who were the firft PoiTeffors of the 
Southern Parts, did profefs a Zeal for converting 
the poor Pagans to their Catholick Religion 3 
but not to mention, that the Corruptions of Po- 
pery were almoft as grofs as the Errors of Paga- 
nifm$ they certainly took fuch violent Meafures,. 
as could not poffibly perfwade or convince any 
Rational Creature. For, contrary to the Gofpel 
Spirit of Meeknefs and Charity, they ufed all the 
Engines of Terror, Force and Cruelty 5 in fuch, 
a barbarous Manner, that their own Authors have: 
made, grievous Complaints of them, and the 
jooi. Natives., inftead of being reconciled to the 



Chriftian Religion, mud needs have received the 
deeped Prejudice and Averfion to it. 

And therefore, when the Northern Parts of 
America were afterward dilcovered by the Englijl), 
and fome little Colonies were there fettled • it 
did foon appear, that the Spirit of the Reformed 
Proteftant Religion was very different from that 
of the Roman Church. For here, no one In* 
ftance was given of hunting poor Souls into a 
forc'd Converfion, or of putting any one to 
Death, or to any manner of Torture, for the 
Sake and Name of Religion. Thefe fofter mild- 
er Ways did indeed prevent our boafting of that 
great Multitude of Converts wherein the Tapifts 
gloried: but they had however this good Effect, 
that they left thofe barbarous People more free 
and unprejudiced, and fitter to receive the Im~ 
preffions of Chriftian Faith and Knowledge, 
when by Degrees they fliould be made upon 

§ i. The Settlement of the Enrlifh in thefe . „ 

r> £ xr c J i in F»ft State of 

new Parts was for many Years fo much diftur- **&$& 
bed and interrupted, that no Progrefs could be P/W/mVww - 
made in converting the Lilians, and hardly any 
publick Face of Religion could appear within 
our own Plantations. Indeed after the violent 
Diflolution of our Church and State at Home, 
there was iome Attempt towards the promoting 

B % Chri- 


'Chriftianity Ahroad 5 there was an Ordinance pa?- 

fed in July- \6\y.for the pro?noting and propagating 

of the Go/pel ofjefus Chrlft in New- England, by the 

greying a Corporation in perpetual Succeffion, 

to be call'd by the Name of the (prefident and 

Society for the Propagation of the Go/pel in Nem- 

England, u To receive and diipofe of Monies in 

a fuch Manner as fliall beft and principally con- 

u duce to the Preaching and Propagating the 

& Gofpel amongft the Natives, and for the 

u Maintenance of Schools and Nurferies of 

u Learning for the Education of the Children 

" u of the Natives 5 for which Purpofe, a general 

tc Collection was appointed to be made in and 

" through all the Counties, Cities, Towns 

" and Parifhes of England and Wales, for a cha- 

-" ritable Contribution, to be. as the Foundation 

/' £ of fo Pious and great an Undertaking. Some 

Accounts have been given of the Converfion of 

the Natives upon this firft Project, by thcfe 

who were immediately concern'd in it* After 

the happy Reftoration of Monarchy and the 

Church of England, there was a new Spirit given 

to thefe good Defignsj and King Charles IL in 

the 4^ Year of his Reign \66i, was graciouily 

pleafed to Incorporate federal Terfons into one Society 

vr Company, for Propagation of the Gofpel in New- 

* England and. the Tarts adjacent-in America, by -an 

- . >■ - ex~ 

exprtCs Charter, importing, That by the Tains 
and Indujlry of certain Engliff? Minifters of the Gof- 
pel, and others refiding in\ or near the Colonies and 
Plantations in New-England, who have attained td 
fpeal^ the Language of the Heathen Natives in thofe 
farts, and have by their Teaching and InftruHions 
brought oVer many of them from the"Towers of Dark? 
nefs and the Kingdom of Satan, to the knowledge 
of the true and only God, and to an owning and pro* 
f effing the proteftant Religion, by which a large Door 
of Hope is opened for the glorifying of the Name of 
Jefus Chrift, and the further Enlargement of his 
Church — And it is now ft, that fome due and 
competent TroVifion be made to lay a Foundation for 
the educating, clothing, civilizing and inflrutling the 
poor Natives, and aljo for the Support and Mainte- 
nance of fuel? Minifters of the Gofpel, School-mafterty, 
and other Inftruments, as haVe been, are, or fhall be 
fet apart and employed for H the carrying on fo pious 

and Chriftian a Work^ And therefore, being re- 

folved not only to feel^ the outward Welfare and Tro- 
fperity of tlyofe Colonies, but more efpecially to endea- 
vour the Good and Salvation of their immortal Souls, 
and the pubhflnng the mo ft glorious Gofpel of Chrifi 
among them -■- and to encourage our loving Sub- 
jecls in their intended Charity by fujf dent Authority 
and V atronage from Us —We of our Trincely Tie- 
'■ iy, and for the further propagation of the Gofpel of 


Refits Chrift among the Heathen Natives —- do or" 
Jain, confiitute, and declare by thefe prefents, that 
there be, and for €Ver hereafter {hall be, within this 
our l\ingdom of England, a Society or Company for 
(propagation of the Gofpel in New-England, and the 
(Parts adjacent in America - — to be one (Body Corpo- 
rate and Politique, to have Continuance for eVer to 
them and their Succcffours — with Power to e?nploy 
Goods, Chattels, Money, and Stocl^ of the /aid Compa~ 
ny for the Promoting and Propagating of the Gofpel 
of Chrifl unto and amongfl the Heathen Natives, m 
or near New-England, and Parts adjacent in Ame- 
rica 5 and alfo for Nourijhing, Teaching and Infiru- 
■fting the J aid Heathen Natives and their Children, not 
only in the Principles and Knowledge of the true (TJe- 
ligion, and in Morality, and the I\noivledge of the 
Englifl? Tongue, and in other liberal Arts and Sciences, 
but for the Educating and placing of them or their 
Children, in fome Trade, My fiery, or lawful Calling. 
rhefegood §3. Whatever laudable Care was taken by 
ccur g agc7b y theie Gentlemen to difcharge the Trull repofed 

jo 1 ™ 61 '"' m tnem : y et tne y could by no means anfwer 
the Wants of all our Foreign Plantations, becaufe 
the very Commiffion confind them to New* 
England and the Parts adjacent. However, this 
one Act of Royal Care and Authority did encou- 
rage feveral Perfons to contribute their Advice 
and Affiftance., to the carrying on this charitable 



and honourable Work. In particular, the ho- 
nourable Sir Leolyne Jenlqns, in his laft Will and 
Teftament, proved the yth of November 1685, 
did declare, that it was too obvious that the Terfons 
in Holy Orders employed in his Majefiys Fleets at Sea, 
and Foreign ^Plantations, were too few for the Charge 
and Cure of Souls arifing in thoje Fleets and planta- 
tions 5 And therefore he provides that two additional 
Fellowflnps be new founded, and endowed at his Cofl 
and Charges, in Jefus College Oxford, on Condition 
that the faid two Fellows refpecliVcly and their re- 
fpecliVe Succejfors for eVer may be under an indifpen- 
fible Obligation to take upon them Holy Orders of 
(priefthood — and afterward that they go out to Se& 
in any of his Majcfty s Fleets, when they or any of '.. 
them are thereto fummoned by the Lord High Ad- 
ntiral of England — And in Cafe there be no life of 
their Service at Sea, to be called by the Lord 'BiJJiop 
of London, to go out into any of his Majefiys Fo- 
reign Plantations, there to take upon them the Cure of 
Souls, and exercife their Mmifterial Funffion - — 
rejerVing to them as full Salaries and Allowances as 
any other of their Degree or Capacity is to enjoy, not" 
with/landing their Abjence, fo long as it J]?alt be ei- 
ther in the Fleets or Plantations aforefaid — - and 
with the farther Encouragement of twenty Tounds a 
Tear apiece to be paid to the faid additional Fellows 
or their Order refpeclively while they are and pro rata 


'of the -time ef their being abluaUy in either of the 
Services aj ore] aid. This was a good and wife 
A 61 of Charity, and is worthy to be recommen- 
ded as a noble Example to any following Foun- 
ders and Benefactors in either of the two Uni- 
Verfities 5 who would do well to oblige their 
Scholars or Fellows to become Mifflonaries for 
Propagating the Gofpel abroad, with Support 
and Reward fuitable to their ufeful Service, 
Nothing gives fo great Power and Credit to the 
Popifh Congregation de propaganda Fide, as the 
Neceflity of all Novices obeying their Superi- 
ors, when and wherever they are called and 
lent. Our Reform'd Religion enjoyns no fuch 
blind Obedience 5 but the Effects of it would 
be better anfwered, if certain Members of the 
Umverficies in Holy Orders were under forue 
fhtutable Obligation to go over into our Fo- 
reign Plantations, and there exercife their Mini- 
stry, under the Help and Direction of the pre- 
fent Society. But among the Promoters of the 
good Defign of that firft Corporation, there is 
a juft Praife due to the Governour of it, the 
honourable Robert Boyle Efquire, who, by his 
laft Will made July i 8. 1601, declares, That 
whereas his late Majejly I{ing Charles the Second, 
had by his /pedal Grace and Favour, without his/eel^ 
big or I\jiowkdge } been plcafed to conjiitute him Go- 



Vernour of the Corporation for Propagating the Goj~ 
pel amongft the Heathen Natives of New-England, 
and other Parts of America, and had thereby given 
tint Opportunity to difcem that Wor\ to be unqucfti* 
onably Pious and Charitable. He does therefore 
over and above the Sum of three hundred Pounds, 
given towards that Piety, give and deVi/e the Sum 
of one hundred Pounds more to the faid Corporation, 
to befet afide and employed as a Stocky for the Relief 
of poor Indian Converts, which he hopes will proVe of 
good EffeEt for theJdvancement of that pious Work. — 
And after Debts and Legacies, appointing the 
<J^efidue of his Eftate to be laid out (for wane of 
other Direction) to charitable Ufes , he does 
chiefly recommend unto them the laying out the greatefl 
Part of the fame for the Advance or Propagation of 
the Chriflian Religion amongft Infidels — And when 
by a Codicil he fettled an Annual Salary for fome 
Learned Vivim or Preaching Minifter for ever, to 
preach Eight Sermons in the Year, for proving tbeCbri- 
ftian Religion againft notorious Infidels^ he does re- 
quire that the faid Preachery/^// be affifting to all 
Companies \ and encouraging them in 4nyUnder taking, for 
propagating the Chriflian P^eligion in Foreign Farts. 

We may farther obferve, That the Reverend 
Mr. (Barnabas Oley, Vicar of Great Granlden m 
Huntingdonftiire, by his lafl: Will dated 2 8 May 
\ 684, did grant feveral Lands in Truft for c 

C fital 

[ io ] 

ritable llfes, and then declares, that If there be 
any Defign of planting Chriflian Faith in Foreign 
(parts by our Sovereign Lord the IQng his Authori- 
ty , and the Advice of the ^jght (p^everend Bifliops of 
this Church, according to the Vocirine and Difci- 
pline of this excellent Church of England, now by Law 
ana Canons ejlabli[l?t, then this is a pious life to which 
he would and will have his Executor to contribute. 
In Purfuance of which pious Intention, the Re- 
verend Mr. Samuel Saywell, B. D. Rector of (BIqk- 
tefoam in Huntingdonflnre, being one of the Tru- 
flees for the Eftate of the laid Mr. Oiey deceas'd, 
has lately fent the Sum of five Pounds for this 
charitable life, and has inform'd the Society, 
that the like Sum of five Pounds flhall be con- 
tinued, and yearly paid for ever. 
■rheMisfor- ^ ^ \ z mu ft b e acknowledged, that it was the 
uteLatUms. Unhappinefs of New-England and the adjoyning 
(parts, to be firft planted and inhabited by Per- 
fons who were generally difaffected to the Church 
by Law eftablifht in England, and had many of 
them taken Refuge or Retirement in thofe 
Parts, on Account of their Suffering, for Nonr 
conformity here at home. So that they fell 
there generally into independent Congregations : 
and there was no Face of the Church of England 
till about the Year 1 670, when upon queftion- 
iagthe Charter of that Country, th| Lord Bi- 



fhop of London, upon an Addrefs from feveral of 
the Inhabitants of <Bofton, did prevail with his Ma~ 
jefty, that a Church fliould be allowed in that 
Town, for the Exercife of Religion according 
to the Church of: England $ towards the Mainte- 
nance of which, his late Majefty King William was 
pleafed to fettle an Annual Bounty of one hun- 
dred Pounds a Year, which is ftill continued, 
and two Ministers are now lupported in it. Se- 
veral Ways of Divifion and Separation did fo 
much obtain in other of our Colonies and Plan- 
tations, that this made it more neceflary to think 
of providing for a regular and orthodox Mini- 
ftry to be fent and fettled amongfl them 5 to re- 
move thofe Prejudices, under which the People 
generally laboured, and to promote, as much as 
po/fible, an Agreement in Faith and Worfhip, 
in order to the recommending our holy Religi- 
on to Unbelievers. 

5 5. An Order of King and Council is faid to ^JSJEL 
have been made to commit unto the Bifhop of Mis f° nune ^ 
London^fox the time being, the Care and-Pafto- 
ral Charge of fending over Minifters into our 
Foreign Plantations, and having thejurifdiction 
©f them. But when the prefent Lord Bifhop of 
London was advanc'd to that See in 1675, his 
Lordfliip found this Title fo defective, that 
little or no Good had come of it. For it being 

C i left 

I 12 ) 
left to fuch as were concern d in thofe Parts to^ 
provide for the tranfporting of fuch Minifters as 
fliould be appointed or allowed by the Bifiiop^ 
there was fo little done, that when his Lord- 
fhip enquired how the feveral Colonies were 
provided, he found there were fcarce four Mi- 
nifters of the Church of England in all the vaft 
Tract of America-, and not above one or two of 
them at moft, regularly fent over. To fupply 
this fad Defect, his Lordftiip made his Propofals 
to feveral of thofe Places to furnifli them with 
Chaplains, and had generally an Encouragement 
from them fo to do. And for the better effe- 
cting of it, his LordfTiip prevailed with his Ma- 
jefty King CharksM. to allow to each Minifter 3 . 
or School-mafter, that fliould go over, the Sum 
of twenty Pounds for his Paflage^ which Royal 
Bounty hath been ever fince continued And 
Inftructions were given to each Governour to 
admit none Authoritatively to ferve any Cure 
•of Soulsj or to teach School, but fuch only as 
brought over the Bifhop of London s Licenfe 
with them : And as a farther great Favour, it was 
order'd, that from that time, every Minifter 
mould be one of the Veftry of his refpe&ive 
Parifih. Upon this they built Churches general-* 
ly within all their Parifhes in the Leeward Iflands, 
and in Jamaica. And for the better ordering 



©f them, hisLordfhip prevailed with the King; 
to devolve all Eccefiaitical Jtirifdi&ioft in thole 
Parts upon him and his SucceiTours, except 
what concern'd Inductions, Marriages, Probate 
of Wills, and Adminiftrations, which was con* 
tinued to the Governours as profitable Branches 
of their Revenue. And for their better En- 
couragement, his Lordfliip procured from his 
Majefty the Royal Gift of a fair Bible, Com- 
mon-Prayer-Book, Books of Homilies, Articles 
and Canons, and Tables of Marriages, for each 
Pariflh, to the Value of about twelve hundred 
Pounds. At that time, there was no Church 
of England Minifter either in Tenjitvania, the Jer- 
feysy New-York^ or Neiv-England, only the Chap- 
lain to the Fort at New-York^ officiated in thole 
Parts, till a Church (as before mentioned ) 
was opened at Bofton$ and foon after the Peo- 
ple of %oad-lfland built a Church to the fame 
Purpofe, and Colonel Fletcher^ when Governour 
of New-York^ procured the AfTembly to fet out 
fix Churches, with Allowances from forty to 
fixty Pounds a Year, for the Maintenance of 
Minifters. And the better to accommodate 
the refiding Clergy, there was Order given to 
feveral of the Governours in the Iflands, that afs 
Efcheats flhould fall in any Parifli, that was not 
provided of Manfe and Glebe, fome Part <;■ 


[ 14 ] 

thole e [cheated Lands fliould be fettled for thac 
pious Uiej though this, we doubt, has hitherto 
had very little Effect. When the State of Ro 
ligion began thus to profper in our Foreign 
Plantations, then, for the better Order and En- 
creafe of it , the Lord Bifliop of London did 
conftitute and appoint the Reverend Mr. James 
Slab", to be his CommifTary in Virginia; and did 
afterward fend over the Reverend Dr. Thomas 
Bray , as his Commiflary to Mary-Land 5 who 
being affifted by the generous Contributions of 
Her Royal Highnefs the Princefs of Denmark^ (our 
prefent Gracious Queen ) and many of the Nobi- 
lity, Gentry and Clergy, did fettle and fupporc 
feveral new Minifters in that Province, and did 
fix and furnim fome Parochial Libraries , and 
did other publick Services, of which he has him- 
felf given a true and modeft Account. And to 
encourage thefe Endeavours, a private Society 
was form'd to meet, and confult, and contribute 
toward this Progrefs of Chriftianity in Foreign 

5" 6. When fo good a Foundation had been 

tily in^po-^d) it was time for publick Authority again to 

*atedbyK> efpoufe, and confirm, and carry on this good 

work, as a National Concern, and a Bleiiing to 

the Chriftian World. And therefore foon after 

chelate happyRevolution 3 when our GloriousDeli- 


verer King William, had re/cued the Church of En- 
gland and the Trote/lant Religion from extreme Dan- 
gers 3 It was then by Divine Providence a more 
favourable Opportunity for folliciting and pro- 
moting this blcfled Defign of propagating theGof- 
pel more effectually in Foreign Parts : And accor- 
dingly, in this happy Juncture, a proper Applica- 
tion was made by the Arch-Bifhopsand Bifliops 
ro the King, who accordingly granted a Char- 
ter, dated \ 6 June, 1701, for the Eretling a Cor~ 
poration or Society, for the Propagation of tf?e Gof- 
pel in Foreign Tarts, importing, that his Majefty 
" Being credibly inform'd, that in many of our 
" Plantations, Colonies, and Factories beyond 
" the Seas, the Provifion for Minifters is very 
" mean, and fome of them are wholly deftitute 
a and unprovided of a Maintenance for Mini- 
a fters, and the publick Wotfhip of God $ and 
" for lack of fuch Support and Maintenance^ 
u many of the Subjects of this Realm do wane 
cc the Adminiftration of God's Word and Sa« 
iC craments, and feem to be abandoned to Athe- 
" ifm and Infidelity $ and alfo for want of Lear- 
" ned and Orthodox Minifters to inftruct them 
cc in the Principles of the true Religion, divers 
" Romiflb Priefts andjeftiits are the more encou- 
" raged to pervert and draw them over to Po- 
* { pifli Superftition and Idolatry. And where- 


u as his Majefty thinks it is his Duty, as much as 
" in him lies, to promote the Glory of God, by 
" the Inftru&ion of his People in the Chriftian 
i Religion 5 and that it will be highly conducive 
" for the accomplifliing thofe Ends, that a fuffi- 
u cient Maintenance be provided for an Ortho- 
" dox Clergy to live amongft them, and that 
" fuch other Provifion be made, as may be ne- 
c celTary for the Propagation of the Gofpel in 
" thofe Parrs «*- And whereas his Majefty hath 
" been well allured, that if he would be graci- 
" oufly pleafed to erect and fettle a Corporati- 
" on for the receiving, managing, and difpofing 
' oi the Charity of his loving Subjects, diverfe 
'Perfons would be induced to extend their 
' Charity to the ilfes and Purpofes aforefaid — 
u His Majefty for thofe Confiderations, and for 
" the better and more orderly carrying on the 
" faid charitable Purpofes, is pleafed to ordain, 
u conftitute, declare and grant, that the moft Re- 
a verend Father in God Thomas Lord ArchBiiTiop 
" ofCajiterbwy^ndJobnLord ArchBifliopofJor^-, 
" Henry Lord Bifhop of London, and feveral 
cc other Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and o- 
c: ther Perfons of the Clergy and Laity, to the 
1 Number of about Ninety, therein particular- 
u ly named, and their Succeftours, fhould tret 
'" hereafter be one Body Politick and Corporate, 

* r'by 


£C by the Name of the Society for the Propagation 
" of the Gofpel in Foreign Parts, in perpetual Suc- 
" ceffion 5 who fhall be able to purchafe two 
w thoufand Pounds per Annum Inheritance, and 
" Eftates for Lives or Years, Goods and Chattels 
" of any Value 5 and fhall have a common Seal, 
" and yearly jrtieet on the firft Friday in Febru- 
u ary, between 8 and 1 2 in the Morning, to 
" chuftr a Prefident, one or "more Vice Prefi- 
" dents, one or more Treafurers, two or more 
" Auditors, one Secretary, and other Officers 
" for the Year enfuing, who fhall take Oath for 
" the due Execution of their Office. And thac 
" Thomas Lord Arch-Bifhop of Canterbury be the 
Cc firft Prefident. The faid Society fhall meet to 
" tranfacl: Bufinels on the third Friday in every 
a Month or oftner if need be $ and at fuch 
" monthly Meetings may elect fuch Members 
" of the Corporation as they fhall fee fit. And 
at any Meeting on the third Friday in Novem- 
ber, February, May, and Auguft, for ever, the 
major Part' prefent may make By-Laws, 
u and execute Leafes — And the faid Society ac 
" any Meeting may depute fit Perfons to take 
" Subfcriptions, and collect Money contributed 
" for the Purpofes aforefaid 3 and may caufe pub- 
" lick Notification to be made of this Charter 5 
"and fhall yearly give account to the Lord 

D Qhan- 


• Chancellor or Keeper, and the two chief Jufti- 
<c ces, of all Money received and laid out. 
It is not improper to recite what a Reverend 
wjhopofSa- Prelate has taken Occafion to obferve, that 
mm, when private Perfbns had laid a Scheme of this 
Nature, then " To make the Management lc- 
" gal and fafe under Royal protection, and to 
<c brincr in more j:o affift in the Execution of 
" that which was too great for a fmall Handful, 
u Application was made to his late Majefty 3 
" whofe Memory will be ever glorious among 
tC us, let fome do what they can to blemidi it. 
" He very readily approved of it, and ordered 
" a Charter for making them a Corporation. 
" This was among the laft of the publick A£fci- 
" ons of a Life that had been all employ 'd in 
u Defending and Securing true Religion, both 
" here and elfewhere. It was fuitable to all 
" that had gone before, that towards the End 
" of it, he mould give Life and Authority to fa 
" glorious an Undertaking, 
Proceedings § 7. In Purfuance of this great Trufl: and 
^^Trivilege, the Lord Arch-Biflbop of Canterbury. 
being conftituted the firft Prefident (in which 
Office, by the unanimousVotes of the Society, his 
Grace has been yearly continued) did caufe Sum- 
mons to be iffued within the time limited, to 
the feveral Members to meet at fuch Time and 

Place as he appointed $ who being met, did ac- 
cording chufe Vice-Prefidents, Treafurers, Au- 
ditors, and a Secretary, to execute and continue 
in their refpe&ive Offices till the third Friday in 
February next following 5 and did then advance 
or fubfcribe a prefent Sum of Money among 
themfelves to defray the Expences of paffing 
their Charter, and bearing other neceffary Char- 
ges, to near the Sum of two hundred Pounds. 
In fome following Meetings, they made divers 
Rules and Orders for their more regular Proceed- 
ing in this weighty Bufinefs 5 and proceeded to 
confider of the moflr eflfe&ual Ways and Means 
to obtain Subfcriptions and Contributions fuffi- 
cient to carry on their good Hopes and De- 
figns. It was foon agreed, that it was proper 
for themfelves to lead the Way by their own 
Example: Whereupon many of the Members, 
being encouraged by the generous Example of 
their mod Reverend Prefident, and other Bifliops 
then prelent, did fubfcribe every one a yearly 
Sum, to be paid to the Treafurer, for thofe pi- 
ous Ufes, according to a Form or Subfcripcion 
drawn up for that Purpofe. And foon after 
they fent out their Commiffions or Deputati- 
ons to feveral Perfons of Figure and Intereftin 
their refpe&ive Countries, as conftituted and ap~ 
pointed by them to take Subfcriptions, and to collect 

D 2 and 


dnd receive all, and every Sum and Sums of Money 
which are, or (hall be fubfcribed, contributed, given 
or advancd for the Turpofes mentioned in their 
Trofgrin- § 8. After thefe Preliminaries, the Society 
$"" ie s m « de ' endeavoured to gain the beft Information they 
could of the prefent State of the Chriftian Reli- 
gion in our American Plantations, and did find, 
chat in fome Places it was fo very fad and de- 
plorable, that there were fcarce any Footfteps of 
Religion to be feen among them 3 and where 
there was any Senfe of it left, the People had 
Tent very mournful Complaints of their Want of 
Minifters to inftruct, affift, and guide them in it. 
For whereas the Englifh Colonies in America^ 
were extended twelve hundred Miles in Length 
upon the Sea-Coaft, well fettled with People, un- 
der Ten feveral Governments. In fome of thefe 
there was yet no Manner of Provifion of Mini- 
sters, or of any Support for them 5 and in all 
the others, much fewer than the publick Service 
of God, and the Inftm&ion of the People did 
reafonably require. 
careofMif- § 9. Upon this Information, the Society did 
fimaries. en q Uire f or fuch Perfons in Holy Orders as 
would cheerfully undertake to go over into tho/e 
Plantations, and there exercife their Miniftry 
in fuch Places as were beft difpos'd to receive 


I 21 ] 

them : And for their Encouragement, did fup- 
ply them with Books and other Neceflaries to 
carry with them, and to fubfift them in their 
Voyage 3 with ftated Salaries to fupport them 
in their itinerant Miffions or fettled Stations, to 
continue at leaf! for three Years, till the Inha- 
bitants fhould be more able and willing to make 
and fettle fome legal Provifion for them. And 
the Society took an efpecial Care, that fuch 
Minifters only fhould be fent over, who were 
of a fober and exemplary Life, and who did 
feem to be moved with a Defire of undertaking 
fuch an Apoftolical Work, from the Princi- 
ples of Conscience and true Religion 5 and who 
did appear truly qualified both by Temper, and 
other recjuifite Endowments. To which good 
Purpofe, they publifli'd and difpers'd this Paper 
of Recjueft and Advice to all Perfons : " The 
" Society ere&ed by Royal Charter, for the Pro- 
" pagation of the Gofpelin Foreign Parts, taking 
" into ferious Confideration the abfolute Ne- 
" cefllty there is , that thofe Clergymen who 
<c {hall be fent abroad, fhould be duly qualified 
" for the Work to which they are appointed, de- 
* c fire that all Perfons, who {hall recommend any 
" to that Purpofe, willteftifie their Knowledge as 
"to the following Particulars, •»$% I. The Age 
" of the Perfon. II. His Condition of Life 



?■ whether fingle or married. III. His Temper. 
" IV. His Prudence. V. His Learning. VI. 
" His fober and pious Converfation. VII. His 
" Zeal for the Chriftian Religion, and Dili- 
" gence in his Holy Calling. VHI. His Affe- 
" clion to the prefcnt Government. IX. His 
" Conformity to the Doctrine and Discipline of 
" the Church of England. And the faid Soci- 
" ety do requeft and earneftly befeech all Per- 
" fons concern'd, that they recommend no Man 
out of Favour or Affection, or any other 
worldly Confideration, but with a fincere Re- 
gard to the Honour of Almighty God and 
our BlefTed Saviour, as they tender the In- 
terest: of the Chriftian Religion, and the Good 
" of Mens Souls. This ftricvt Care and Cau- 
tion has had fuch a Bleffing of God upon It, 
that moft of the Mi/fionaries have obtained in 
thofe Parts a very good Report from the Go- 
vernours and People, particularly the Honoura- 
ble the Lord Cornbury, a great Friend and Patron 
of thefe good Defigns, in a late Letter, is pleafed 
to fay, That as to the Minifters who are fettled at 
New-York, Jamaica, Hampftead, Weff-Chefter, 
and Rye, he muft do them the Juflice to Jay, that they 
haVe behaVedthemfelves withgreatZeal,exemplary?iety y 
and unwearied Diligence, in dif charge of their Duty 
in their feVeral Tarifies, in which his Lord(J?if hopes 


[ 23] 

the Church will by their Diligence be encrea/ed more 
and more eVery Day. And Colonel Heatbcot, in 
a late Letter dated from the Manqur of Scarf dale, 
within the fame Province of New-Yorl^, Novem- 
ber o. 1705, doesafiure, " That he mult do all 
" the Gentlemen that Juftice, whom the Society 
" have fent to that Province, as to declare, that 
ic a better Clergy were never in any Place, there 
ic being not one amongfl: them that has the 
u lead Stain or Blemifli as to his Life or Con- 
" verfation. And tho' he is not an Eye-witnefs 
ct to the Actions of any, fave thofe in his own 
" County 3 yet he omits no Opportunity of 
" enquiring into their Behaviour, both of the 
cc Friends and Enemies of the Church 5 and 
cc they all agree in the good Character of them, 
" and that they ufe their beft Endeavours to 
" gain over the People, <&>c. 

§ ; 10. To make their good Deflgns better Their De- 
known to the World, five hundred printed Co- wificl' '"' 
pies of the Charter (at the voluntary Charge of 
the Prefident ) were publifiied and diftnbuted 
amongft the Members, to be communicated by 
them to their Friends and Correfpondents. Then 
the Lord Bifliop of London was defired to im- 
part to the Society, an Account of the Minifters 
and Churches within the Englijl? Plantations in. 
the Weft-Indies, and their preient Circumftance ? 


[ 24 ] 

which was accordingly done by his Lordfhip* 
And it was farther defir'd, that all the Members 
fhould endeavour to procure the befl Informa- 
tion they could of the State and Condition of 
the Churches in Foreign Parts. And fuch Ap- 
plication was made to other proper Perfons for 
Intelligence , that within few Months, the So- 
ciety were much obliged by Colonel Morris of 
Eajl-Jerfey, with a Memorial, relating to the State 
of Religion in both the Jerfeys, and (Philadelphia : 
By Colonel Dudley, Governour of New-England, 
with a full Account of the prefent State of Chri- 
ftianity in all the Colonies of North- America : By 
Mr. George I\cith, with a Letter to the Secreta- 
ry, about the State of Quakerifm in Tcnfifoania: 
By the Lords Commi/Iioners of Trade and Plan- 
tations, with a Letter to the Lord Arch-Bifhop 
of Canterbury, concerning the Converfion of the 
five Nations of the Indians, &c. And to give 
the World fome Account of the Defigns of the 
Societv. and to invigorate the Profecution of 
them, there was drawn up, An Account of the (pro- 
pagation of the Gofpel in Foreign Parts 3 repref en- 
ting what the Society Eflablijtid in England by 
(Royal Charter haVe done in her Majejiys Plantations, 
Colonies, and Fatlories 5 As alfo what they deflgn 
to do upon farther Encouragement from their own 
Members, and other well difpofed Chrijlians 9 either by 


Annual Suhfcriptions, prefent $knefa£lions, or futurt 
Legacies. And in a Court held at St. Martins 
Library February 4. 1705, It was " Refolvd, 
ci That the Thanks of this Society be given to 
cc the Reverend Mr. St uhs y for the great Care 
C£ and Pains he has taken in preparing the new 
cc Account of the Proceedings of the Society. 
Which Account was, by Order of the Society, 
printed in a fingie Sheet. 

§ 11. To make their Enquiries more tftt~ M # c ?f 
&ual, they fent over the Reverend Mr. George &Z 
I\eitb y as a travelling Mi/fionary into thofe Parts, 
who kept a Journal of his Travels and Labours,, 
now publifh'd by him. 

After this and other agreeable Informations^ 
the Society proceeded to encreafe their Fund in 
fome better Proportion to their great Occafions, 
They invited in feveral new Members of Abi* 
lity and Inclination to do good. They orde- . 
red feveral Subfcription-Rolls to be delivered 
to their chief Members, to continue in thek 
Cuftody, in order to procure and receive parti-* 
cular Benefactions. They defir'd all their 
Members who were Minifters and Inhabitants 
of the City of London, to apply themfelves to 
the eminent Merchants of the laid City, efpeci-^ 
ally fuch of them as traded into the Plantations, 
and folicit them to promote thi$.ptoii3 Defigtu 

E And* 

t 2 * 1 

- And they took all juft Opportunities of return- 
ing their Thanks to their chief Friends and Be- 
nefactors : As in particular, The Thanks of the 
Society was given to Colonel Francis Nicholfon, 
Covernonr of Virginia, for the great Services he 
had done towards the Propagation of the Chri- 
ftian Religion, and the Eftablifliment of the 
Church of England in the Plantations 3 and parti- 
cularly for his having contributed fo largely 
towards the Foundation of many Churches along 
the Continent of North- America. 
cdiege in § 1 2 . We muft not forget, that under the happy 
Virginia. Influence of King Williams Reign; a Very Noble 
Defign was laid of erecting and endowing a Col- 
lege in Virginia, for ProfeiTors and Students in 
Academical Arts and Sciences, for a continual 
Seminary ©f Learning and Religion. A ftately 
Fabrick was raifed for that Purpofe5 a Royal 
Charter was given, with ample Immunities and 
Privilege?, and a publick Fund was allotted for 
the Endowment of it, and a President appointed 
with an honourable Salary, &c. and in Honour 
of the Founders, it was called William and Mary 
College. But fuch are the Difficulties attending 
every great/Defign, that it could not be furniflit 
with ProfeiTors and Students, nor advance it 
felf above a Grammar-School, before the whole 
College was unfortunately deftroy'd by Fire. 

*• This 


This was but one Inftance among many others, 

of the Royal Favour and Bounty fliewn to the 

Foreign Plantations by their Majefties King 

William and Queen Mary. A Bifliop of our 

Church gives this Account of her Majefty'sZeal 

and Affection in this Caufe. She too^particularBi/hoptfS^ 

Methods to be well informed of the State of our Plan- vum ? &"> 

J C i r r i ■ i 1 OHtbeQueen. 

tations $ and of tboje Lolomes that we have among 
Infidels. 'But it was no /mall Grief to her, to hear 
that they were but too generally a Reproach to the 
Religion * by which they were named, (I do not 
Jay, which they profeffed 5 for many of them jcem 
fcarce to profefs it. ) She gave a willing Ear to a 
<Propofition that was made for eretling Schools, and 
the Founding of a College among them. She conji- 
dered the whole Scheme of it, and , the Endowment 
which was dejlred for it. It was a Noble one, *and 
was to rife out of fome 'Branches of the Revenue, 
which made it liable to Objections. But fin tool^ 
Care to confider the whole Thing fo well, that fhe her 
felf anfwered all Obje&ions, and efpoufcd the Matter 
with fo affetlknate a Concern , that f?e prepared it 
for the I\jng to fettle it at his Coming oVer* She 
knew how heartily he concurred in all 'Defigns of 
tliat Nature. Nor indeed could any thing inflame 
her more, than the (prof peel of fetting Religion for- 
ward, efpecially where there were Hopes of working 
upon Infidels. 

E 2 » It 


It was fomc farther Glory to that Reign} 
that the King granted Letters Patent for fettling 
a Penfion on a Minifter and Schoolmafter in 
iPenfifoania, and commanded a Set or Service of 
Communion Plate, to be fent as his Royal Pre* 
fent to the Church in New~York 
a$&w Life in § 1 1 . Upon the happy Acceflion of her prefent 
tfpt^nM^t&y to the Throne, this Work of propa- 
gating the Gofpel in Foreign Parts had a new 
Life and Vigour put into it. An Addrefs was 
immediately made to her Majefty by the Pre- 
sident, Vice-Prefidents, and the reft of the Mem- 
bers of the Society, wherein, after " condoling 
with her Majefty for the great Lofs fuftained 
by the Death of the late King of glorious Me^ 
mory, the Founder of this Society, they pn> 
ceeded to exprefs their great Joy and Satisfa-' 
* clion to fee a Princefs of fuch Illuftrious Piety 
" and Virtue, advanc'd to the Throne of her 
" Royal Anceftors— as well for promoting a 
u glorious Reformation, and thereby an happy 
" Union at home, as for propagating the Chri- 
" ftian Faith in all her Majefties Dominions a- 
" broad. Which great Work of propagating the 
" Chriftian Religion being that with which they 
u have the Honour to-be* particularly entitled, they 
a declare themfelves deeply- fenfible of the Obli- 
a nation they have to her Majefty, for her Prince^ 

1*9 1 

" ly Btfneficence to it, when it was firft under- 
" taken and carried on by a private Society-— 
" They profefs an entire Aflurance of her Zeal 
" for the Publick Good, and that they are indu- 
" ced to believe that her Majefties Government,, 
" being thus founded on Religion and Juftice, 
" cannot fail of a Bleffing from Heaven upon 
" all her Undertakings. To which her Majefty 
was pleafed to give this Gracious Anfwer : 

IJball h always ready to do my 
Fart towards Promoting and Es- 
c our aging fo good a Work. 

€ \a. Under this Protection and Favour ofaopefs 

O' T" . rt 1 r- this 200' 

her moft excellent Majefty, the Society went^. 
on with greater Courage and Cheerfulnefs, to 
profecute their laudable Defigns. And tofpread 
the Knowledge of their Inftitution and Defign, 
they ordered an Abftracl: of their Charter to be 
drawn up and printed, wich a brief Account of 
their good Intentions to anfwer theTruft and the 
Powers of it- They then publifhed another 
fliort Paper, entituled, The ^quefl of the Society 
for the Propagation of the Goffel in Foreign Tarts, 
concerning fit Mmifters to he fent abroad for that good 
Fnrpofe 5 wherein they take Occafion to fay, That 

' they 



I 30 1 

they have already not only laid the Foundation^ 
but made confiderable Progrefs in their pious 
Defign: Having fent, befides Books and other 
Things, feveral Minifters of the Church of En- 
gland to her Majefties Dominions and Colonies in 
the Wefi-lndies. But underftanding by Letters 
fince come from thence, that there is great need 
of many more, to inftruct the Indians, and fuch 
Englifl) as live among them, or near them, in 
the Principles of the Chriftian Religion 5 to ad- 
minifter the Word and Sacraments, and per- 
form all Rich Offices as are necelTary to the 
Support and Furtherance of the Gofpel in thofe 
Parts. They therefore agreed, " That all the 
" Bifhops of the Realm, who are Members of 
a the Society, fliould be earneftly defired to re- 
** commend it to their Arch-Deacons and their 
"Officials,- that publick Notice may be given 
" in their next Arch-Diaconal Vifitations, that 
u fuch Clergy Men as have a Mind to be em- 
" ployed in this Apoftolical Work, and can 
ic bring fufficient Teftimonials, that they are du- 
cc ly cjualified for it, may give in their Names to 
<c their refpeclive Bifhops, to be communicated 
<c by them to the Society, in order to fending them 
cc to fuch Places as have moft Need, and where 
a they may therefore, by God's Ble/Iing and A/fi- 
* c fiance, do moft Good. And if any fhall befent to 


' [3i] 

a Places, where there is not a fufficient Mainte- 
" nance already fettled , the Society will take 
" Care, that they may have not only a com- 
" petent Subfiftance, but all the*Encouragemenc 
" that is due to thofe who devote themfelves^ to 
"the Service of Almighty God and our Saviour, 
" by propagating and promoting his Gofpel in 
" the Truth and Purity of it, according to the 
" Do&rine, Difcipline, and Worfhip eftablifh- 
" ed in the Church of England. 

& i 5. Under this Care of recommending and^™/ M ^ 

• r 1 1 tv r r fionartes 

encouraging tit and worthy Perionsj ieveral/^. 
Divines and other Students offer'd their Service 
to the Society 3 and thofe of them who were 
found to have the beft Characters, and the great- 
eft Abilities, were received, and employed, and 
fupported to their full Satisfaction. Mr. (P*- 
tricky Gourdon, was fent a Mi/fionary to New-Yorlt, 
with a competent Allowance of Fifty Pounds 
per Annum, or more if the Society fhould think 
fit. Mr. John Bartow, to Weft-Che jler in the 
fame Province, with Fifty Pound per Annum, and 
a Benevolence of Thirty Pound. Mr. Samuel 
Thomas to South "Carolina, with the yearly Sup- 
port of Fifty Pound, with Ten Pound to be 
laid out in Stuffs, for the Ufe of the wild Indians 
in thofe Parts of South-Carolina, wjiere the faid 
Mr, Thomas was to' refide, and twenty Pounds 

[ 32 1 

for his farther Encouragement. Mr.Jolm Talbot, 
Rector of St. Marys in (Burlington in New-Jer- 
fey, was allowed to be an Itinerant Compani- 
on and Afliftant to the Reverend Mr. George 
J\eith y m his Mi/fion and Travels, with an Al- 
lowance of fixty Pound per Annum. Mr. John 
{Brooke was appointed to ferve at Shrewsbury, Am~ 
b.oy y Elizabeth-Town, and Freehold in Eajl-Jerfey, 
and was fupported by an Annual Penfion of 
Fifty Pound. Mr. William Barclay, the Church 
of England Minifter at Braintree in TSlew -England, 
had an Annual Encouragement of Fifty Pound, 
and a Gratuity of Twenty five Pound for pre- 
fent Occafions. Mr. Henry Nichols was fettled 
as Minirter in Uplands in Tenjthania , with an 
Allowance of Fifty Pound per Annum from the 
Society. Mr. Thomas Crawford at DoVcr-Hundred 
in the fame Province, had a like Annual Al- 
lowance of Fifty Pound, and Mr. Andrew Gtyd- 
vian, tiad a Reward given to him for the Sup- 
ply of Oxford or Franckfort in the the fame 
Country. Mr. James Honyman was fent to G(pde- 
Jfland, with the Afliftance of Thirty Pound per 
Annum. Mr. William Urquhart was fix'd at Ja- 
maica in Long-IJland, with a Salary of Fifty Pound 
per Annum, and Mr. John Thomas at Hampjlead 
in the fame Ifland, with the fame Support. The 
.Reverend Dr. Lejau was ient to Goofe-creek in 



South-Carolina (where Mr. Stacklmife had been 
before appointed and fupported by the Society ) 
with an honourable Allowance of Fifty Pounds 
yearly, and twenty five Pounds for his Charges 
in tranfporting himfelf and Family. Befides thefe, 
the Sociey have fent the Reverend Mr. %ofs to 
New-Caftle in (penfifoania, the Reverend Mr. Macl^ 
en%j to Statm-lfland in New-Tor^, and feveral 
other Miflionaries. And to make them the 
more eafie and cheerful in their Undertaking this 
Miffion 5 the Society have made it a Rule and 
Practice, that one whole Years Salary "malt 
be afcertained to each Miffionary, (or his Affigns) 
living or dying 3 and oneMoiety of it paid in Hand. 
And whereas the Reverend Mr. Jackson, a pain- 
ful Minifter in Newfound-land, had gone upon 
a Miftion into thofe Parts, with a Wife and Eight 
Children, upon the Encouragement of a private 
Subfcription of Fifty Pound per Annum for three 
Years 5 when his Time expired, and that Bene- 
faction ceas'd, to encourage him to continue in 
a Place where he did great Service, the Society 
fent him Thirty Pounds for a prefent Benevo- 
lence, and ordered fifty Pounds per Annum to be 
afcertained to him for Three Years more to 
come. And it rauft be obferved, that befides 
the ftated Salaries allow'd to all our Mi/Tiona- 
ries, to encourage and aflift them in their Stu- 

F dies. 

[ 34- ] 

dies, a Prefent of Books, ( chofen out of an ap^ 
proved Catalogue) to the Value of Ten 
Pound, was made to every one of them, for the 
life of themfelves and their Succeflors 5 and 
another Parcel of fmall Tracts and Papers upon 
Divine and Moral practical Subjects, to the Va- 
lue of five Pounds, in like Manner to each of 
them, to be freely diftributed among their Peo- 
ple and Neighbours in thole Foreign Parts; 
which ufeful Pr-efents of Books and Papers have 
not been confin'd to our Miffionaries only 5 but 
have been frequently given to any Minifters and 
Chaplains who have been going abroad, upon 
any other Foot,, into our Factories, Colonies, 
or Plantations. To whom likewife, upon Oc- 
cafion, fome pecuniary Gifts have been feafon- 
ably prefinted} fuch as Thirty Pound for a Gra- 
tuity to Mr. Tyliard going to Virginia : Twenty 
Pound to Mr. Eburne a Minifter of the Ifle of 
Shoals. Twenty Pound to Mr. Macqueen, for his 
Encouragement in his Voyage to Mary~Land y 
taping thither by the Directions of the Lord 
Bifliop of London. To Mr, John Sharp Thirty 
Pound for his good Services in Eaft-Jerfey. To 
Mr. Robert t^eith in Mary-Land, Ten Pound., 
To the Reverend Mr. Gifford and other Mini- 
fters in ^/tfrgod,Twenty Pound $ and feveral other 
Sums to feveral other Perfons. 

§ \6. The Society have taken Care not pf\.-cmf» 
ly for the prefent Subfiftance, and continued ^f ^ 9(i 
Support or their Mi/iionaries $ but efpecially 
for their pious and fober Deportment in their 
refpective Stations abroad. And therefore they 
not only required the ftriclreft Teftimonials of 
their Age, Condition, Temper, Prudence, Learning, 
Sobriety, Piety, Sec. according to a Form prefen- 
bed 5 and fent a folemn P(equefl to all < BiJIiop$ 
and Arch-Deacons, to recommend none but fuch 
as were duly qualified * but they likewife drew 
up a Paper of InftruBions for the Clergy employed 
ly the Society for the Propagation of the Gofpel in 
Foreign Parts: Wherein they give them proper 
Rules of Behaviour. I. Upon their Admiffion £> 
the Society, II. Upon their going on Board the Ship 
dejtgnd for their Paffage. III. Upon their Arrival 
in the Country whither they frail be fent. Firfi > 
With P^fpetl to themfehes. Secondly, With Pjfpetl to 
their Parochial Cure. And Thirdly, With P^efpecl to 
the Society : with a Scheme or Method of keeping, 
I. A Notitia Parochialis to be made by each Mini- 
fler Joon after his Acquaintance with his People, and 
kept by him for his own Eafe and Comfort, as well 
as the (Benefit of his Pariflnoners. II. Notitia Pa* 
rochialis ; or an Account to be fefit home e\ery fix 
Months to the Society by each Minifter, concerning the 
Spiritual State of their refpetliVe Pariflns. The 

F 2 So 

[ 3« ] 

Society have called for fucceffive Accounts of 
their Miffionaries conforming themfelves to thefe 
Inftruflions : and whenever they hear of any 
Mifdemeanour or fhameful Negligence in theis 
Miffion, they exprefs their Dilpleafure, and with- 
draw their Bounty. As for Inftance : When In- 
formation was brought over, that Mr. H. ienc 
to Long-Ifland in the Government of TSLeiv-lork^ 
had been guilty of fome Scandals and Offen- 
ces in thofe Parts $ the Society ordered that the 
faid Mr.H. fliould be forthwith difcharged of 
any Dependance or Allowance from the Society. 
But when by Report made by the Governour 
himfelf^ the Honourable Lord Cornbury y he had 
cleared himfelf of thofe malicious Afperfions 
formerly call: upon him $ he was again received 
and fupported. 
Extend* § 17. The Society have taken farther Care 
chari^ tQ exteEC | th^r Charity and Bounty to all pros- 
per Objects, and upon all fuitable Occafions^ 
that might any Way contribute to their general 
Defign. They have fent Tokens of their Re- 
flect to the Dutch Minifters of Albany, to encou- 
rage them in their Services among the Indians. 
They have eftablifhed a Catechift at New-lork^ 
for the Benefit of Converts and Novices in the. 
Chriftian Religion. They have allowed a Sa- 
lary to Mr. Cleator a School-Mafter at Gtye, in 

*te the 

r 37 ] 

the Province of New-York. They have bom 
the Charges of a Royal Patent for a Minifter and 
School-Mafter at Philadelphia in Penfifoania, and 
have fupplied the firft School-Mafter there with 
Books and Money. They have allowed fifteen 
Pound to the Minifter and Church-Wardens of 
New-Tort in tJ^ode-Jfland, towards Furnifliing and 
Adorning their Church with a Chalice, Patten, 
Cloth for Pulpit and • Communion Table, and 
other Ornaments. They have fent a certain 
Number of Greeks Teftaments and Liturgies to 
the Reverend Mr. Urmjlon at Mofcow, for the 
life of the Inhabitants $ and many Englifl? pra- 
ctical Books for the Youth and Servants, of 
that Factory : As alfo Bibles, Common-Prayer 
Books, and other Benefactions, as more largely 
appears upon the Regifter of the Society. This 
continual Bounty has had very good' Effe<5ts 
abroad, by influencing and exciting the Cover- 
nours and Inhabitants to build feveral new 
Churches, to ereft Houfes, to allot Glebes, and 
to affign ( in Part at leaft) a fettled Maintenance 
for their Minifters 5 and even to convert fome of 
into Places of Worfihip according to the Church 
of England. And feveral AddrefTes, Letters, and 
other Applications, have been made, and fent^ 
from forae of the Magiftrates and chief Inhabi- 

I 38 1 

rants of the Plantations to our Society, for their 
Advice and Afliftance in propagating Religion 
amongft them^ to which the Society have made 
proper and fuitable Returns. 
tnrcofthe § i 8. Nor hath the Society been unmindful 
^ vcltidl ' i of ufing their utmoft Endeavours for propagating 
the Gofpel among the Heathen Indians and Slaves 
in and near our feveral Plantations. They re- 
QRcb i< ce i ve< ^ wi^ great Satisfaction a Letter from the 
1700. Lords Commiffiuiers of Trade and Plantations, directed 
to the Lord Arch-Biflhop of Canterbury, fignifying, 
<c That the Earl of Bellamont had feveral Times 
<c reprefented to them, the great Want of fome 
" Ministers of the Church of England, to inftruct 
<c the five Nations of Indians on the Fron- 
cc tiers of New-Tor^ and prevent their being 
<: pra&is'd upon by French Priefts and Jefuits, 
<c who were converfant among them, and very 
I induftrious in perfwading them, by Pretences 
" of Religion, to efpoufe the French Intereft. 
a Whereupon they (the Lords Commiffioners ) 
" had reprefented to their Excellencies the Lords 
" Juftices their humble Opinion, That if a Fund 
u could be found for the Maintenance of fuch 
" Minifters, they might be of very great Ufe and 
" Service, as well for the Propagation of the Re- 
" formed Religion, as for improving the Inte- 
^xeft of England. At the fame Time the Lords 

€i Com- 


Commiflioners imparted to his Grace, and to i 
the LordBifhop of London, fome further Advice 
upon the fame Subject, which they had more 
lately received from the Earl of <Bellamont- 7 in 
particular this remarkable Extract of what was 
feid by one in the Name of the reft of the Sa- 
chems of the praying Indians of Canada, ( Vi%. fuch 
as have been converted to fome Sort of TrofeJJton of 
Chri/lianity) to the Commiffioners for the Indian 
Affairs in Albany, June 28. 1700 — he, 
" We are now come to Trade 3 and not to fpeak 
" of Religion. Only thus much I muft fay, 
11 all the while I was here, before I went to Ca- 
" ?iada, I never heard any Thing talkt of Reli- 
C£ gion, or the leaft mention made of conver- 
" ting us to the Chriftian Faith. And we fliall 
" be glad to hear, if at laft you are fo pioufly 
" inclined to take fome Pains to inftrucl: your 
"Indians in the Chriftian Religion. I will not 
"fay but it may induce fome to return to their 
u Native Country. I wifh it had been done 
" fooner, that you had had Minifters to inftrucl 
" your Indians in the Chriftian Faith, &rc. This 
Representation was humbly laid before the 
Queen in Council 3 from whence his Grace 
the Arch-Bifhop of Canterbury reported this 



Jk the Court at St. JamesV the Third 
Day of April 1700. Vreftnt the 
Queens Mofi Excellent Majefty in 

<C 1 1 PON reading this Day at the Board 
\^%, a Reprefentation from the Lords Com- 
" miflioners of Trade and Plantations, dated the 
"" fecond of this Month, relating to her Majefty's 
" Province of New-Yorl^ in America, fetting 
€t forth, among other Things, that as to the Five 
"Nations of Indians bordering upon New-Yorl^, 
" left the Intrigues of the French of Canada, and 
" the Influence their Priefts, who frequently 
"converfe and fometimes inhabit with thoie 
" Indians, fliould debauch them from her Ma- 
" jefty's Allegiance, their Lordfhips are hum- 
" bly of Opinion, that befides the ufual Method 
" of engaging the faid Indians by Prefents, ano- 
" ther Means to prevent the Influence of the 
11 French Miffionaries upon them, and thereby 
cc more effectually to fecure their Fidelity, would 
" be, that two Proteftant Minifters be appointed, 
" with a competent Allowance, to dwell amongft 
" them, in order to inftruft them in the true 

" Reli- 



Religion.,' and confirm them in their Duty 
to her Majefty. It is ordered by her Ma- 
"jefly in Council, That it be as it is hereby 
" referred to his Grace the Lord Arch-Bifhop of 
"Canterbury, to take fuch Care therein as may 
" rnofl: effectually anfwer this Service. 

Upon communicating this Order to the So- 
ciety, it was immediately agreed, that it fliould 
be referred to a Committe, to endeavour to find 
two fuch Minifters as fliould be proper to an- 
fwer her Majefty's mod gracious Refolutions 
declar'd in the faid Order of Council. Accor- 
dingly the Committe made a Propofal to Mr. 
Samuel Thomas, one of their Mi/fionaries in 
South-Carolina, and to Mr. Vellius, refident at Al- 
bany, to take an Expedition among the five Na- 
tions of the Indians, in order to the more effe&u- 
al Converfion of them : But the latter infifted 
upon fuch Demands as were not within the 
Powers of the Society to grant : And the for- 
mer did accept the Miffion, and proceeded in it 
as far as Carolina, but found there that the Yam- 
monfea Indians, to whom he was defign d, were 
in no manner of Difpofition to receive himr 
and therefore he ftopt there, and fent this Ex- 
cuk January 20. 1702. Vi%. The Yammo -if ea Indi- 
ans have lately been engaged in a War with the 
Spaniards 9 and are in fo much Danger of an In- 

G vafion 

[42 1 

vafion by the Spanlfb, that they are not at Lei- 
fure to attend to Infhuction, nor is it fafe ft> 
venture among them 3 And the Reverend Mr. 
Marjlon confirm'd the Reafon in a Letter from 
Charles-Town in Carolina, February!. 1702. Cap- 
tain How and Governour Moor have agreed to 
entertain Mr. Thomas at Goof creek.: His going 
among the lammon/ees, according to his Miffion, 
is not judged here as yet fafe : being they revolted 
to us from the Spaniards, becaufe they would 
not be Chriftians 3 and if we require it of them, 
it's fear'd they will return again to the Spaniards. 
Notwithstanding this Difcouragement, the Reve- 
rend Wir.Thoroughgood Moor, a Divine of good 
Learning, Zeal, and Prudence, offer'd to undergo 
that difficulc Miflion among the Indians of the Five 
Nations, and accepted of an hundred Pound per 
Annum for his Support in that Service, and the 
Society promis'd to allow one hundred Pound 
more yearly to any fit Perfon who flhould ac- 
company the faid Mr. Moor in this creditable 
Miflion, and to allow a farther Sum to each 
of them for Utenfils and other Neceflaries to 
carry with them. 

The Society received many other Advices of 
the good Difpofition of the Indians towards recei- 
ving the Chriflian Faith 3 as from the Reverend 

Mr-John Talbot at New-Jork^ November 24. 1702. 


[ 43 ] 

fays he, We find a great Ripenefs and Inclination 
amongfl: all Sorts of People to embrace the 
Goipel 5 even the Indians themfelves have pro- 
mis'd Obedience to the Holy Faith, as appears 
by a Conference that my Lord Cornbury has 
had with them at Albany 5 five of their Sachems 
or Kings told him, They were glad to hear, that 
the Sun fhined in England again fince King 
Williams Death : They did admire at firft, what 
(hoiild come to us that we mould have a ' Squa 
Sachem, i.e. a Woman King $ but they hoped fhe 
would be a good Mother, and fend them fome 
to teach them Religion, and eftablim Traffick 
amongfl: them, &c. 

In the mean time, the Society received a 
Memorial from <I(obert LeVingjlon Efquire, Secre- 
tary for the Indian Affairs in her Majefty's Pro- 
vince of New-Yor^, mewing, " That the Indians 
" of that Province had received fuch Impreffi- 
" ons of the Chriftian Religion, as to be urgent 
<c in all their Propofitions and other Conferen- 
<c ces with the Governours, to have Mm liters 
" among them, to inftrucl: them in the Chrifti- 
a an Faith. That the French Jefuits were by all 
cc Arts and Terrors endeavouring to make Pro- 
<<c felytes of them 5 and had drawn over a con- 
" fiderable Number of them to Canada, and had 
" planted them there in two Caftles near to 

G i " Mount' 


a Mount-^yal, where they had Priefts to inftrucl: 
cc them, Land to plant, and Soldiers to protect 
" them in Time of War. That the Honour 
"and Advantage of redeeming the poor Indians 
* from this Slavery to the Popifli Priefts, and 
" of inftrudting them in the plain and true Prin- 
cc espies of Chnftianity, would be very great, 
" and mod effectually tend to the Glory of God, 
<c and the Peace, Trade and Credit of the En- 
u glifb in thofe Parts : That the Ways and Means 
" conducing hereunto would be to fend Prote- 
"ftant Minifters among thofe Indian Nations, 
" who, after they had attained to fome Perfecti- 
" on of the Language, by the Help of Interpre- 
u ters, might relide at the refpective Caftles of 
" the faid Nations, and attend the Work of their 
" Converfion : That each Minifter fliould have 
" two Youths in Attendance upon him, who 
cc would fooner attain the Language, and go on 
<f Meflages, <rc. That there might be a Chnftian 
fC Chappie, and a Houfe built a little without 
" each Caftle, for the Minifter to be private and 
c c fafe from the Infolencies and Noife of the 
" Indians : And that each Minifter mould be 
" furnifht with fome cheap Toys, to give to the 
cc Indians, and fo engage their Affections, as was 
" the Cuftom of the French Jefuits among them, 
' &c» This Memorial was read, and well con- 

^ fidered 


[ 45 ] 

fidered by the Society 3 and the Writer of it 
himfelf foon after attended, and gave the 
Society a farther Account of the State of the 
Indians in thofe Parts. 

And becaufe Mr. LeYmgfton had farther repre- 
fented, " That the Dutch Minifters who had 
tC been at Albany from Time to Time, partial- 
" larly Mr, Dellius, and now Mr. Lydius, as alfo 
<c Mr. Freeman at Shinnerlady, had taken great 
" Pains with the Mobog Indians, and with the 
<c Help of Interpreters had tranflated feveral 
" Prayers, Plalms, the Creed, Ten Command- 
" ments, and fome Chapters of the New-Tefta- 
"ment, into the Indian Language, and had taught 
" them fo far, that they were admitted to parti- 
cipate of both Sacraments, &c. Therefore 
the Society fent an honourable Gratuity to 
Mr. Lydius, the Dutch Minifter in Albany, in Con- 
fideration of his promoting the Chriftian Reli- 
gion among the Indians of the five Nations bor- 
dering on New-York^ with a Letter from the Se- 
cretary to acquaint him, how fenfible the So- 
ciety was of his good Services to the Chriftian 
Church, and how defirous he mould continue 
his Endeavours for the farther Propagation of the 
Gofpel among them. To which Mr. Lydius 
made a civil and grateful Anfwer, " Accepting 
" and acknowledging the Eavour of the Society^ 

[ 4* ] 

" and imputing his Succefs to the BleflW of 
"the moft merciful God 5 and as a Teftimony 

c of their poor Endeavours , he mentions all 
" the Forms and Services which they had made 

:c and put in Practice for the better inftru&ing 
" of thofe new Converts, V*% A Form of Con- 
" feffion of Chriftian Faith : A Form of Bip^ifm 
"for thofe of Age, and for Children: A Form 
[C of Marriage : An Expofition on the Command- 

c ments by way of Queftion and Anfwer : A 
"proper Sermon before Receiving of the 
" Lord's-Supper, on Tfalm. 15. 1, 2. WithPray- 
" ers before and after Sermons. He promifes 

c to communicate all thefe to Mr. Moor, the So- 
u ciety's Mi/fionary, and to aflift him in all Ser- 
" vices as far as he is capable, <&ty. 

And Mr. Dellius, who had lately returned to 
the Hague, acquainted the Society with the M it- 
fortune of lofing an Indian Dictionary which he 
had composed, with his Library, and other Goods 
at Sea 5 and inftead of that and other Copies, he 
fends over many Cafes of Confcience, which 
the Canada Miffionaries ufe among the Iroquois 
which is the general Name of the Five Nations 
as he copied them from the Original, which 
fell into his Hands. He had alfo their Indian 
Catechifm in 2 5 Chapters in French, Latin, and 
Indian, wherein he found very enormous and 



ridiculous Inftru&ions — whereby the Society 
might have fome Idea of the pretended Con- 
verfion of the Jefuits. In the mean time he prays 
God to blefs the 111 urinous Society in their Un- 
dertaking of the true Converfion of thofe Barba- 
rians, to the End that both Church and State 
may reap the Advantage of it. And among 
other Calls and Admonitions to attempt the 
Converfion of the Indians, Colonel Dudley, Go- 
vernour of her Majefty's Province of the Maf- 
fachufetS'-'Bay, commonly called New- England, in 
a Letter directed to the Lords CommiiTioners 
for Trade and Plantations, dated i^.July 1704, 
C an Extract whereof was communicated to the 
Society ) was pleafed to obferve, " That it had 
<c been the Ufage of that Province once in a 
cC few Years to conciliate their Friendship with 
cc the Maquaws and five Nations 5 and he had 
cc written to my Lord Cornbury to advife therein $ 
cc * and had accordingly provided for the Charge 
" of Commiffioners, and a Prefent of about 
" five hundred Pounds, which was neceffiry to 
<c keep them fteady — - and yet at laft he doubts 
" we mail lofe them, if we have not Minifters 
" amongft them to defeat the French Miffiona- 
" ries, to whom they are infinitely bigotted. 

§ 19. Upon thefe many importunate Calls, MrMoor 
the Reverend Mr. Moor kz out upon his inten-i rarotbe 

11I1 dims. 

t 4« 1 

<3ed Million, with a firm Courage and Refoluti- 
on to anfwer the excellent Defigns of the Soci- 
ety 3 and when he came to New-York^ he recei - 
ved all poffible Countenance and Favour from the 
Governour the Lord Combury. But indeed the 
Clergy of that Province were fenfible of the 
little Hopes of doing any good among the Na- 
tive Indians, and therefore in a Letter to the Ho- 
nourable Society dated at New-Tor^, October \j. 
i 704. they took Occafion to fay, that " It is mod 
" true, the converting Heathens is a Work lau- 
" dable, Honourable and Glorious 5 and they 
cc doubt notbut God will profper it in the Hands 
u of their good Brother Mr. Thoroughgood Moor, 
" whom they had fent out worthy of the Gof- 
" pel of Chrift — but after all, with Submifli- 
Cc on, they humbly fupplicate, that the Children 
cc firft be fatisfied, and the loft Sheep recovered, 
cc who have gone aftray among Hereticks and 
u Quakers, who have denied the Faith, and are 
cc worfe than Infidels and Indians that never 
<c knew it. And immediately after the Re- 
verend Mr. John Talbot, in a Letter to Mr. 
George l\eith from New-York^, gives great Com- 
mendations of Mr. Moor, lately come among 
them, but, fays he, a I am forry, he is to go fo 
" far off as the Mohocks. God knows whether 
" we fhall fee him again. I had the fame Call, 


7 t 49 J 

(C and had gone to the fame Place j but when t 
" faw fo many People of my own Nation and 
"Tongue, I foon refolved, by God's Grace, 
cc to feek them in the firft Place, <src — And the 
Reverend Mr. Urquhart, another of our Miffi- 
onaries in that Province, did further let the So- 
ciety know, that he was informd, That Mr. 
Moor and his A/Tiftant dared not to venture fo far 
as their Miflion led them, i. e. to the praying In- 
dians, who were fo much engaged to the French 
Intereft, that they were our Enemies as much as 
they could without an open Breach. 

However Mr. Moor, with indefatigable Zeal, 
made the beft Attempts he could upon begin- 
ning and carrying on this great Work 5 and gave 
the Society an Accounc from Albany ,dated March 8. 
170J. That foon after his Arrival at that frontier 
Town, 5 o Miles from the Mohocks, a Mohock^ Indian 
and his Squa being in Town, and hearing oi him 
and hisDefign, came and thus addreft him Father, 
We are come to exprefs our Joy at your fafe Arrival, 
and that you have efcapt the 'Dangers of a dreadful 
Sea, which you haVe croft, I hear, to mftrutl us in (2{e- 
ligion. It only grieves us, that you are come in Time 
of War, when it is uncertain whether you will live or 
die with us. That after this, one or the Sachems, 
and three more Indians, came to him, and fpake 
to this Effect : Father, We are come to exprefs our 
great Satisfaction, that God has been Jo propitious to 

H us. 


tts, as to fend you to open our Eyes, winch haVe heen 
hitherto jlmt. Another Woman came to him, 
and among other Congratulatory Expreffions, 
(aid, May God fupport your Shoulders under fa 
great a Weight -, and may you difpel that Varlqiefs 
which flill oVerfpreads us. He told them in Re- 
turn, That nothing mould be wanting on his 
Part, and that he would devote himfelf to their 
Good, and that he only (laid at Albany to learr* 
their Language in order to it. He did not 
then make any publick Proportion to them, but 
defign'd to lay hold on the firft: Opportunity,, 
that the Weather would give him, of doing it 
at their Caftle. Being too long, detained by 
the Fall of Snow, he lent his Meflage with a 
Belt of Indian Money by three of their own 
Country-men, with a Promife of taking the firft 
Opportunity of coming himfelf to fee them. 
Which Promife, he did ioon after perform with 
great Difficulty 5 and being courteously received, 
one of the Sachems told -him, That they had re- 
ceived his Mejfage, but it was but lately , and not ha- 
V'mg confulted with the other Cajile (which was a- 
bout twelve Miles diftant ) they could give no An- 
Jwer to it now, but they would conjult with them, the. 
firft Opportunity, and then fend their Anfwer, Mr. 
Moor thought himfelf Somewhat difappointed, 
and was afraid their Delay was an artificial Ex- 

I 5*] 

ctife: However, he told them, he would wait 
for their Anfwer, and fo return d to Albany, where, 
in a little Time, one of thofe Mohocks came with 
this Anfwer : The Vifit yon made us, and the Defmi 
of it, was Very welcome 5 for which we return you our 
Thanks. We haVe always lived in great Friendjlnj) 
with our Brethren of this Province, but we haVe been 
aU along in fuch Darknefs, and our Eyes fo coVerd, 
that we have not Iqtown what will become of our Souk 
after Death. We Jaw fome time ago a Light arifim 
in Canada, which drew many of our Nation thither, 
and which was the Caufe of our de firing Mmiflcrs. 
We cannot hit rejoice, that Oodjhouhl be fo good to 
us, as to )nake us this Offer-, but itgrkVes us that the 
reft of our Brethren, the other four Nations, are like 
to haVe no fuch Blcffing. They haVe often asked 
ns, what was the. Meaning of a Bell which we haVe, 
which our Fathers told us, we muft G{ing to call us to- 
gether to our Devotions 3 but if they were fo inquiftiVe 
about that, What will they thinly when they fee here a 
Houfe and a Church built* Therefore it is neceffa- 
ry we frfl acquaint them (for we are all but one 
Houfe ) and then we will give you a pojitiVe Anfwer. 
Mr. Moor found himielf again difappointed, 
and thought he had new Matter for Suspicion 
of them : However hejudged it to be adviiable 
to make this Return to ij^&Sachetn who brought 
this Meflage. Child, I haVe confidered your Anfwer, 

H 2 and 

C ^2 1 

mi am forty it is not more full and fatisfaFlory. 
As to what you fay about confulting with the other 
Nations, 1 will believe , they will rather rejoice at 
your Happinefs f than have any Sufpicions about it : 
Efpecially when they are told, that there is another 
Mmifter daily expelled for the Oncydes, and one 
for every other Nation, as foon as proper and willing 
Perfons can be found; but I will flay for your Anfwer 
with the greateft (patience. When after long Ex- 
pectance, he could obtain no Manner of An- 
fwer, he retired back to New-York* and fent the 
Society his Reafons for defifting from that En- 
terprise at prefent, Yi^. "That he had been at^/- 
" bany near a twelve Month, and had ufed all 
" the Means he could think of, in order to get 
" the good Will of the Indians r till their unrea- 
" fonable Delays and frivolous Excufes for not 
" giving him any final Anfwer, with fome other 
&i Circumftances, were a fufficient Indication of 
" their Refolution never to accept him. And 
" therefore expecting either no Anfwer at all, or 
" at laft a poficive Denial from them 5 He 
" thought it better to leave them, and not to give 
c them the Honour of refufing the Queen's Roy- 
" al Favour, and his Offer to them. He begins 
6 to think, that Miffions to the Indians are not 
¥,i of that Confecjuence as the Society may think, 
" and as he himfelf once expected 3 but he is 


[53 J 

1 now fenfible of the contrary, for thefeReafons : 
£ I. Becaufe our own People have as much Need, 
c and a more juft Right to our Care, and call 
c for more Miffionanes than our Society is able 
to fend. II. Becaufe to begin with the Indians 
is prepofterous 3 for it is from the Behaviour of 
1 the Chriftians here, that they have had, and 
'ftill have, their Notions of Chnftianity, which, 
■ God knows, hath been generally fuch, that it 
c hath made the Indians to hate our Religion* 
c III. The Indians are daily wafting away, and in 
c forty Years it feems probable that there will 
c fcarce be an Indian to be feen in all the EngliJJ? 
c Parts or America. In the mean Time the 
c Chriftians felling the Indians fo much Rum, is 
c a fufficient Bar, if there were no other, againft 
c their embracing Chnftianity. 

But after all thefe Difcouragements, Mr. Moor 
has not altogether defifted from this Attempt 
( tho' attended with inexpreiTible Difficulty) of 
converting the Indians: he is empoying his La- 
bours in the Church of 'Burlington in New-York^ 
and there waits for the Commands of the Socie- 
ty. And the Honourable the Lord Cornbury, 
Governour of that Province, has been pleafed to 
inform rhe Society, by Letter dated from Ti.ew~ 
lorl^ November n. 1705. that they need not al- 
together defpair of Succefs 5 that next Summer, 


God willing, he intends to go to All any, and to 
know of the Indians, the Realons of their not 
behaving them-f elves better, flnce they had fo of- 
ten defired a Minifter to be fent among them 5 
and his Lordfliip will fee, if he can find a Way 
to make Mr. Moor eafier there, than he has been, 
adding the Teftimony of him, that He is a Very 
"Odd Man, Though after all, we doubt there are 
mfuperable Difficulties, at leaft for the prefent. 
An "eminent Citizen of London, well acquainted 
with the State ofthofe Foreign Parts, has lately 
informed the Society, that "After all, there are 
cc a .great many Obftacles to the Converfion of 
C£ the Indians bordering on our Plantations: They 
" are educated in great Prejudices to our Religi- 
" on, by the unjuft Encroachment of the Etiglijh 
'" upon their Lands $ and do not flick to fay, 
u that They cant believe, that we wiJJ? them a Place 
" in HeaVen, when we deny them a Place upon Earth, 
" The Government ought to prevent this too 
" juft Reproach. Befides, thofe near to New- 
" England are the molt cruel and barbarous of 
<c all thefavage Nations, and have deftroyed all 
" their innocent Neighbours. They are al- 
"ways unfixed, either rambling, for feveral 
u Months together, or hunting, or upon War- 
" like Expeditions, and at their Return to the 
*' Villages, they have generally unlearned all 

" their 

"their former Inftru&ions; and it is impoffibJe 
cc for any Minifter to accompany them in their 
" Ramble of three or four hundred Leagues at 
"a Time. But that which I apprehend to be 
" of worfe Confequence to their Converfion, 
cc and engaging in the Englifi Intereft, is, the 
"Treatie which I underftand is lately conclu- 
ded with them, wherein a Neutrality is 
" allowed them in this prefent War. This 
< ( will give an Opportunity to the Canada In~ 
il Mans to furround the Englifh Colonies, and 
iC make all Correfpondence with and Paflage 
<c to the Iroquois Indians very difficult and 
<( unfafe. Beiides, if the ufual Prefenrs are noc 
cC continued, they'll not be prevailed with to- 
£C attend to any Iriftru&ions from our Minifters, 
iC but will rather fall off to the French, if they can 
" get any Thing by it, <&ic. Indeed the Artifices 
of the French Jejuits do very much obftrucl: our 
Propagation of the Gofpel among thofe poor- 
Souls, as was thus reprefented to lis by Mr. 
Dellius ■. — cc It is the common Opinion, that the 
cc Jefuits debauch the Iroquois (which is the com- 
" mon Name of the five Nations ) from then* 
" Fidelity to the Crown of England 3 and it is 
" natural to them to turn every Stone to that 
u Purpofe. Indeed all the Evils that the Englijh 
? Colonies have undergone during the laft War, 
^ " havft 

"have been occafioned by the Indians, that is to 
" fay, the debauched Indians, of whom they are 
" absolutely Mafters : and the Intrigues which 
" that Order has ufed, and of which I have feen 
" little Memoirs, are almoft incredible 3 and it is 
"very much to be feared that they will ftill 
" win upon them daily : For among the five Na- 
" tions there is a great Number of French that 
<c are incorporated by Adoption into their Tribes, 
u and as fuch they oftentacioufly aflume Iroquois 
" or Indian Names • and the poor filly Indians 
iC confidenng them as Pcrfons of their own 
" Blood, do ent rely confide in them, and ad- 
" mit them inro their Councils 3 from whence 
<c you may judge what fine Work the Jefuits 
"make with their Affairs, <&c. Let it be only 
added what one of the chief Inhabitants in New- 
York^ has lately written over to the Society upon 
this Head — u In my Opinion , the Matter of 
" converting the Indians is too heavy for the So- 
4< ciety to meddle with at prefent , and would 
" properly lie as a Burden upon the Crown, to 
tC be defrayed out of the Revenue here 3 for their 
" being brought over to our holy Faith, will 
" at the fame Time fecure them in their Fidelity 
<c to the Government — Thofe who are fent 
" over on that Errand muft be fuch as can en- 
u dure Hardfhips, and are able and willing to 

" live 

. [.si J 

live with the Indians in their own Country, and 
according to their Way and Manner, which is 
the Method the French take. 

§ 10. In the mean Time, the good Repura-L^ £w ^ 
tion of thefe Defigns of the Society reach'd over™"" ™ 
to New-England, and encouraged fome Gentle- gland, 
men and chief Traders in that Province to fol- 
low the laudable Example, and to form them- 
felves into a Society for the Propagation of (Reli- 
gion, who had foon " A fenfible Bleffing of God 
"upon their Confultations and Undertakings, 
" whereby, among other Things, they had ad- 
cc drelTed the Remoter ungofpelized Plantations, 
" not only with a printed Sheet for their awa- 
<c kening out of their ftupid Condition, but alfo 
" with other Endeavours to get Minifters among 
" them — They confefs themfelves beholden to 
<c Old-England for the Example, which has been 
"there followed in their feeble EfTays, to do 
" what they can for the Advancement of the 
"greateft Intereft. And upon the Fame of 
thefe noble Defigns, the Congregational Mini- 
fters at Bofton drew up an Account of the pre- 
fent State of Chriftianity, and of the Progrefs 
made in Evangelizing the poor Savages in that 
Country, written to the Honourable Sir William 
Ajhurfl, Governour of the Corporation for pro- 
pagating the Gofpel among the Indians in New~ 

■ I England, 

[ 58 ] 

England, and Parts adjacent in America-, who 
with great Courtefie fent a Copy of it to our 
Society, dated (Bofton in New-England March 2. 
170 j. and figned by Incr cafe Mather, "Catton Ma- 
ther, and Nehemiah Walter, 
care of the § 2 i .Befides thisAttempt of Converting thefive 
filvll' Nations, the Society hath taken Care of all pof- 
iible Means to inftruct the few Indians that were 
difperft among the Englifh, and the Negro Slaves, 
in the Principles of Chriftianity, For which, 
good End they employ'd and fupported Mr. 
Elias Neau, a plain zealous Lay-man at New- 
Tor^y who had inform'd the Society by Letter 
dated July 10. 1703. that " There were among 
cc them a great Number of Slaves, called Negroes, 
" of both Sexes and of all Ages,who were without 
"God in the World, and of whofe Souls there 
iC was no Manner of Care taken. And there- 
" fore it would be worthy the Charity of this 
" Corporation, to endeavour to find out fome 
^ Methods for their Inftructions, in order to 
" the converting and baptizing of them, with- 
iC out any Way affecting the Property of their 
<c Mafters — That fuch a Harveft would be more 

" plentiful than that of the Indians if iome 

" honeft Subfiftance were allow'd to any good 
" Perfon, for undertaking the Office of a Ca- 
" techift among them : And the Mafters would 


"lend, or at leaft fuffer their Slaves to tie cate- 
" chiz'd every Sunday * and the Minifters would 
" examin, from Time to Time, what Pro^refs 
" is made in improving and laving thofe poor 
" ignorant Souls — The fame Peribn in other 
Letters did obferve, "That a great Impediment 
" to this good Defign, was a vulgar Prejudice 
"in thofe Parts, that if the Negroes were bap- 
" tized, they would ceafe to be Slaves - 7 tho' nei- 
" ther the Law nor the Gofpel does authorize 
ic any fuch Opinion. — The French and the Spa- 
*- c maris baptize all their Slaves, without giving 

"them any temporal Liberty Upon due 

Confederation had to thefe Reafons, the Society 
did prevail with thefaid Mr. Neau, to undertake 
that Office of a Catechift, and promifed to en- 
courage him in it with a Salary of Fifty Pound 
per Annum. Upon which he received a Licenfe 
from his Excellency the Lord Cornbury, to cate- 
chize the Negroes and Indians, and the Children 
of the Town of Tories and left his Relati- 
on of an Elder in the French Church, and came 
entirely over to the Church of England 5 not up~ 
on any worldly Account, but thro' a Principle 
of Confeience, and hearty Approbation of the 
EngUfh Liturgy, which he had formerly learnt 
by heart in* a Dungeon, — In the Difcharge of 
this Office, Mr^Neau went from Houfe to Houfe, 

1 2 m 

..-__ £*°1 

in order to catechize and inftrucT: the Negro 
Slaves 3 but finding that to be inconvenient,he pre- 
vailed with the Mafters to fend their Negroes every 
Monday, Wednefday, and Friday, at four in the Af- 
ternoon, to his Houfe 5 where he made them be- 
gin with the Lord's Prayer in Englijh, and then 
propos'd the mod familiar Queftiohs about the 
Nature of God and his Works 5 this fmali Be- 
ginning was to ferve as an Introduction to the 

Creed, and fo on to the Church Catechifm. 

And to be the more regular in his Qualificati- 
ons for this Office, he defired a Licenfe of ca- 
techizing from the Lord Bifliop of London, who, 
at the Motion of the Society, was pleas 'd rea- 
dily to grant the fame — ~- He like wife defired 
that Application might be made to the Gover- 
nour to pafs an J£l ofjjfembly, whereby it fliould 
be enacted, That all the Inhabitants fliould be 
obliged to permit all their Slaves to be inftru- 
cted ; and that their Religion fliould make no 
Alteration in their Condition. This Motion was 
confidered by a Committee afJW's, and Colonel 
Nicholfon then prefent did obferve, That there 
had been formerly the fame vulgar Error in V\r» 
giniafkut if the Negro Slaves were baptized, they 
would be thenceforth freed from their Slavery $ 
whereupon there was a declarative Law made 
m that Country, that Slaves baptized fliould 


.... r*i] 

neverthelefs continue bound in Service to their 
refpe&ive Mafters as before Baptifm. And 
therefore it might be proper to have the fame 
common Error removed by fome fuch Decla- 
ration in other Parts of the Plantations. The 
faid Mr. Neau fo well recommended to the 
Society fome other Ways of making his Labours 
more fuccefsful, that they prepared, by Advice 
of one of their Members, the Draught of a Silt 
to be offered in Parliament for the more effeclual 
ConVerjton of the Negroes and other Servants in the 

Plantations And finally, to affift him in this 

BieiTed Work, the Society inftructed their Mif- 
fionaries to have a fpecial Regard to the Teach- 
ing of the poor Slaves, and moft of them ufed 
their Endeavours in it 3 particularly the Reve- 
rend Mr. Samuel Thomas in SoutJ>-Carolina did in- 
form the Society, by Letter dated March 1 o. 
170^. That under his Encouragements about 
twenty Negroes had learned to read 5 and he was 
acquainting them, as he had Opportunity, with 
the Principles of the Chriftian Religion, and 
had lately baptized one Negro Man, and hoped 3 
in fome Time, to find more fitted for that 
holy Inftitution.The forementioned Catechift Mi\ 
Neau , has from Time to Time inform'd the So~ 
ciety, of the Succefs of his Labours, and of the 
Numbers and Names of the Negroes initiated by 

him 5 

[ 62 . 

him. 5 and the Minifter of that Place;, the Reve*. 
rend Mr. Vef$y y has given him very lately the 
Character " Of a conftant Communicant of 
cc our Church, and a moft zealous and prudent 
iC Servant of Chrift, in profelycing the miferable 
,c Negroes and Indians among them to the Chri- 
c ftian Religion, whereby he does great Service 
" to God and his Church. 

fncflnt' § 1Z : T - hefe and oth « pious Endeavours of 
inhabitants, the Society have, by God's Bleffing, had a oood 
ErTed:, by fetting an Example to the Plantati- 
ons themfelves, and exciting them to contribute 
to their own Happinefs. For this Zeal and 
Bounty of the Corporation had a fenfible In- 
fluence upon the Governours and Inhabitants, and 
did induce them with the more Cheerfulnefs to 
build Churches, to allot Glebes, and to affign fome 
ftated Portions of Maintenance for a fettled Mi- 
niftry. This noble Emulation was continually 
kept up by Letters of the Society to the refpeclive 
Governours, who were mod of them very Inftru- 
mental in promoting the good Work. And when- 
ever any Foundations of a new Church were 
laid or projected 3 the People of each Diftricl, in 
their folemn Veftries, did make Application to 
the Society for their Help and Affiftance, and 
did never fail of all fukable Encouragement. 
Thus the Minifter and Church- Wardens of (^<W~ 


r # i 

Ifland-, did acquaint: the Society, (September 29* 
1702.) That the Place where they mec to Wor- 
fliip, was finished on the Outfide, all but the 
Steeple 3 and the Infide was pewed well, tho' not 
beautified 5 they had a Communion Table 5 
but they wanted all Ornaments for Decency and 
Order 5 afTuring the Society that whatever Fa- 
vours they fliould pleafe to beftow upon them, 
towards the perfecting of their Church, mould 
be accepted with the humbled Gratitude, and 
feconded with the utmoft of their own Abili- 
ties. In like Manner the Veftry of DoVer-Hun- 
dred within fi^ent County in TenfitVania, did 
(Auguji 30. 1703.) reprefent to the Bifliop of 
London, the great Want of a Preacher among 
them, to teach and inftrucr. the People in Mat- 
ters of Religion, and their Duty towards God, 
'Zsrc. and that they would endeavour, according to 
their Abilities, to contribute towards his Mainte- 
nance 5 and humbly intimated their Expectations 
of Help and Encouragement from the Society 
forrnd in England for the Propagation of Chri- 
ftian Religion in America — boon after, the 
Church-Wardens and other few Members of 
the Church of England, in the Colony of Weft' 
Jerjey> did (September 4. 1705.) exprefs their 
Delign of erecting a Church at Burlington, for the 
Worfhip of God according to the Law eftablifli- 



cd m England $ and defire, that their Infant Church 
may recieve Trom the Society a Benefaction of 
Common-Prayer Books, Catechifms, NecefTaries 
for the Communion-Table and Pulpit, C?t.-*~ 
The Minifter and Veftry of the Church at New- 
port in G{pad'Ijland did, by a Letter to the Soci- 
ety dated December 23. 1703. thank them for 
their grateful and acceptable Prefent of Furni- 
ture for their Communion-Table 5 profe/fing 
that it was a great Joy to them, to be taken No- 
tice of by fo great a Body : They defire a Con- 
tinuance of the Society's Allowance of Fifty 
Pounds per Annum to their Minifter : They are 
building a Steeple, and are enlarging their Church 
by a new Gallery, and defire to be continued 
under the Protection of the Honourable Society. 
The Veftry of Burlington in W. N. Jerfey, by 
Letters to the Society dated April 2. 1 704. defire to 
adore the Goodnefs of God for moving the Hearts 
of the Lords Spiritual, Nobles, and Gentry, to en- 
ter into a Society for propagating the Go/pel in Foreign 
Tarts 3 the Benefit of which they have already 
experienced, and hope further to enjoy. They 
have joined in a Subscription to build a Church, 
which, tho not yet near finifn'd, they have 
heard feveral Sermons in it 3 but are not able 
to maintain a Minifter without the A/Tiftance 
of the Society, whereon they beg God to mower 


r ** i 

down his Ble/Ting as a Reward for their great 
Charity and Care for the Good of Souls. — 
The Church-Wardens and Veflry of Braintree 
in New-England, by Letters to the Bifhop of 
London, Oclober 10. 1704. give their Teftimoni- 
als to Mr. George Muirfon, returning into Eng- 
land to receive Holy Orders 5 and complain that 
they are deftitute of Help, and therefore befeech 
his Lordfliip to remember them who are as a 
Sheep without a Shepherd 5 and to fend over 
their Reverend Paftor Mr. William Barclay to 
them, <src.~— The Inhabitants and Freeholders of 
the Town of Rye and Mamaronec^ in the Pro* 
vince of New-Tor^, become humble Supplicants to 
the Lord Bifhop of London, that Mf.Jofeph Cleator, 
whofe Affairs required his Attendance in England? 
might obtain fuch an Allowance from the Socie- 
ty, as with what they were able to give him 
might encourage his Return among them, to 
teach School, for the Inftruclion of their Children. 
In fhort, many other publick Letters were conti- 
nually fent over$ by which it appear'd, that the 
Inhabitants of Hopewell and Maidenhead, were 
building a Church, and defired a Minifter and 
fomeSubfiftance for him That there wereChurch* 
es building at Salem, at Amboy, and Elizabeth- 
Town: That the Inhabitants of Dover' Hundred in. 
Jfynt County had fubferibed fifty five Pounds 

K Se- 

Seventeen Shillings in Venfikvania Money, to- 
wards the Maintenance of a Minifter: That 
the Inhabitants of North and South Jppoquenimi- 
nel^ Creeks were preparing to build a Church, 
defiring a M.nifter with fifty Pound per Annum 
from the Sociecy, and hoping to add iomeching 
themfelves towards his Subfiftance. The chief 
of which Inhabitants have fin ce fent over an Ad- 
drefs to the Lord Bifliop of London, certifying 
that they have a very commodious Church al- 
ready built, and that they earneftly defire a pi- 
ous Minifter to refide amongft them, to guide 
and inftrucl: them in Religion, according to the 
Principles, Doctrine and Worfhip of the Church 
of England, for whofe Encouragement they had 
made Subfcriptions according to the beft of 
their Abilities. That the Veftry of St. Tauls'm 
Chejier or Uplands, did crave Advice of the So- 
ciety, concerning fome Lands given to the life 
of the Swedifb Church there, and fold by fome 
Swedes to a Quaker, how to recover it to the 
Ufe of their own Englifl? Church : They are 
thankful for the Society's Contribution to the 
Maintenance of their Minifter Mr. Nichols 3 and 
acknowledge the great Favour of fending fo 
gooti and worthy Man among them. ---That 
the Minifter and Veftry of Philadelphia, could 
never be fufficiently thankful to Divine Provi- 


dence for raifing-up fuch an Honourable Soci- 
ety to maintain the Interefts of Religion, and 
to engage in the great Work of promoting the 
Salvation of Men 3 and that they returned cheir 
moil: thankful Acknowledgements for the Socie- 
ty's pious Care, in fending over the Reverend 
Mr. George I{eith and his Ailociate Mr. John Tal- 
bot, whole Labours and Converfation they very 
much commend : That the Minifter and Veflry 
oiChefler in <PenJihania, did blefs God for put- 
ting it into the Hearts of fo many charitable 
Chriftians to engage in the great Work of pro- 
moting the Salvation of fuch as were fo widely 
removed from all Conveniencies of Divine Wor- 
ship 3 They are thankful for their Minifter, and 
for the Society's Support of him, and beg the 
Continuance of their Benevolence, &c. 

To complete their Correfpondence, the Soci- 
ety have obtained many large and good Ac- 
counts of the State of Religion in all our feve- 
ral Colonies and Plantations abroad, which they 
carefully preferve among their other Books and 
Papers, that by having recourfe to them, they 
may underftand the prefent Condition and Cir- 
cumftances of every Place 3 and know how 
mod effe&ually to anfwer the Wants and Oc- 
cafions of them. They have the prefent State 
of Eaft-Jerfey, in feveral Letters from Colonel * 

K 2 . Lewis * 


terns Morris, with a particular Memorial writteti 
by him concerning the State of Religion in both 
the Eafi and Weft Jerfeys. The Condition of 
Albany y and of the Indian Borderers, in many- 
Letters from Mr. Dellius a Dutch Minifter long 
refident in that Town. Of Carolina, in feveral 
Accounts and a large Memorial from Mr. Sa* 
mud Thomas. Of Virginia., in a conftant Corre- 
fpondence with the late Governour Colonel M- 
cholfon. Oi Mary-Land, mfcmz printed Memori- 
als of Dr. Thomas (Bray. The State of the Coun- 
try ofWeft-Chefter, in many excellent Letters from- 
Colonel Caleb Heatbcot. Of the whole Province 
of New-lorl^, in Letters from the honourable 
Lord Cornbury the Governour, and from feveral 
of our Miffionaries, and from the Convocation 
of the Clergy affembled at New-York*. An Ac- 
count of the State of Religion within all the En- 
glifh Plantations in North- America, by Colonel 
Dudley, Governour of New-England. A large- 
Letter about the State of Quakerifm in North* 
America.; by the Reverend Mr. George I\eith, who 
has fince publifh'd his Journal of Travels in his 
Miffion thro' moft of thefe Parts. A humble 
Memorial of Robert Livingfton, Secretary for the 
Indian Affairs in the froVince of New- York. The 
State of the Church in the Province of New- 
■ Tori, humbly tendred to the moft Uluftrious So- 

ciety for propagating the Gofpel in Foreign 
Parts by Mr. Congreye, a Domeftick of the Lord 
Cornbury. A true and juft Account of Mr. 
fakirs Miffion to North- Carolina — .Afummary 
Account of the State of the Church in the Pro- 
vince of Tenfihrania, as it was prefented to a 
Meeting of the Clergy of the Province of New- 
Iori y New~Jerfey, and (penjilvania, OElober i i .. 
1704. A Memorial relating to the Want of Mi- 
nifters in Newfound-land. And many other da- 
ted Accounts and occafional Informations, that 
tend to a perfect Knowledge of thofe Foreign 
Parts which the Society take under their Cog- 
nifance and Care. 

§ 2}. To communicate their good Defigns A UrgeCor „ 
to other Proteftant Nations, this Society have ^» < * fwc * 
held a Correfpondence with many eminent 
Perfons and Bodies of the Reformed Churches, 
and have received from them a great Approba- 
tion of their good Defigns, with earned Advi- 
ses and Recjuefts, to carry on the good and glo- 
rious Work of propagating the Gofpel 3 <&c. As 
in Latin Letters, from the Church of St^Gall in 
Switzerland, affembled in Synod May n, 17020 
Erom a Synod of the Grifons dated June 6. 1702. 
congratulating their mutual Enjoyment of a 
Union of Faith in the Bond of Peace with the 
Church of England, and acquainting the Society 



that they have received the Papers and Accounts of 
their Institution and Defigns, and have communi- 
cated them to all the Miniflers in their feveral 
Churches $ and have appointed {elect Perfons to 
correfpond with the Society ,^c. From the Learned 
Mr, John Leonhard, in the Name of the Proteftant 
Gr if otis j dated May 17. 1705. bleffing God for 
the pious and Chnftian Zeal of the Society, 
and praying for Succefs to their Honourable 
Undertakings. From the fame Perfon Otlober 
I o. f 704. acknowledging the Receipt of Letters 
from the Society, and commending their glori- 
ous Endeavours for Propagation of the Gofpel. 
From the pious Monfieur OjlerVald, Paftor of 
New/chattel , . December 3. 1704. returning his 
Thanks to the Corporation, for the Honour 
they had done him, in electing him a Member, and 
promifing to promote the Defigns, and purfue 
the Orders of the illuftrious Society. — From 
the Reverend Collegues Meflieurs Troncbin and 
Turretin, dated Geneva ^December 19. 1704. expref- 
fing their mofl hearty Thanks to the Society 
for the Honour done them in aflbciating them 
to that Honourable Body 5 and aiTuring the So- 
ciety that, in Duty and Gratitude, they will omit 
nothing in their Power towards the promoting 
thofe pious Defigns ; and taking Occafion to 
mention 5 That they had already proceeded to 



render the Divine Worfhip in their Church, as 
conformable as might be to the Englifb Liturgy, 
and will imploy their Lives to bring it nearer - 
if poffible. — Another Letter from Monfieur 
OJlerVald, dated December 3. 1704. intimating 
his farther Acknowledgments of being ad- 
mitted of the Number of that illuftrious and 
venerable AfTembly, and declaring his moll: fin- 
cere and refpectful Inclinations for their Church 
and their Society $ and that as a Teftimony of 
it, they had eftabliflh'd the ordinary Divine 
Service in the City of New/chattel upon the Pat- 
tern of the Englijh. — From Mr-. John Jacob Sche- 
rer, dated at St. Galkn y December \6. 1704. ex- 
pre/fing himfelf full of Zeal and Readinefs to 
give the Society any Satisfaction, and referring 
to what he had written to the Reverend Dr. 
Woodward for his prefent Labours in this Kind 
of Study. — With feveral other Letters from the 
Reverend Mr. John LeonbardMlmfter of the Got- 
pel at Chigen in the Town of Sefamnie among 
the Grifons,a.nd the Reverend M.Otto G/rf/^Dean of 
the upper League in the Grlfon Churches,and again 
from Meffieurs Tronchin and Turretin with a Copy 
of the Divine Service, as agreeable as may be 
to the Englijh Liturgy now eftablifli'd in the 
Churches of the Grifons, &c. In all which Foreign 
Letters, proper Anfwers and Replies were given 



in the "Name and by the Order of the Society^ 
fubfcribed by the Secretary John Chamberlaync 
Particular §24. It muft be further obferved, That the 
fbfcLnh Society have taken Care to propagate Chriftian 
England. Religion according, to the Purity of Faith 
and Worfhip profeft and eftablifh'd in the 
Church of England, and have confulted the Ho- 
nour and Intereft of our Englifl? Church, by all 
the faired and moft effectual Ways and Means, 
Upon this honefi: View, they have taken Care 
to fend no Miffionaries, but fuch as, among o- 
ther Qualifications, have a good Atteftation of 
their AffeBion to the prefent Government , and of 
their Conformity to the T>o Brine and Difcipline of the 
Church of England. And in their Requeft to 
the Bifhops and Arch-Deacons, for recommen- 
ding to them fit Minifters to be fent abroad, 
they declare, that their Subfiflance and Encou- 
ragement fliall be given only to thofe who de- 
vote themfelVes to the Service of God, by propagating 
and promoting the Gofpel in the Truth and Turity 
of it, according to tie VoBrine, Difcipline, and Wor- 
fhip efiabliped in the Church of England. And 
among the Instructions given to their Miffiona- 
ries, they do direct them that they confcientiouf- 
ly obferve the Rule of our Liturgy in the Per- 
formance of all the Offices of their Miniftry, 


That befides the ftated Service appointed for 
Sundays and Holy-Days, they do, as far as they 
{hall find it pra&icable, publickly read the dai- 
ly Morning and Evening Service — « That they 
confider the Qualifications of thofe whom they 
admit to the LordVSupper, according to the 
Directions of the Rubricks in our Liturgy — 
That they explain the Church Catechifm in the 
mod eafie and familiar Manner — That they 
frequently vifit their refpe&ive ParimionerSj 
thofe of our own Communion , to keep them 
fteady in the Profeffion and Pra&ice of Religi- 
on, as taught in the Church of England. Thofe 
that oppofe us, or diffent from us, to convince 
and reclaim them with a Spirit of Meeknefs and 
Gentknefs. And to encourage the Englift De- 
cency and Order in the feveral .Plantation 
Churches, the Society have expended above two 
hundred and fifty Pounds, in large Bibles and 
Folio Common-Prayer Books, for publick Ufe 
and Service 5 and more than two hundred 
Pounds, in fmall Common-Prayer Books, Cate*- 
chifms, and Expofitions, to be distributed gr&» 
its among the People : And for an Example, to 
furnifh the Churches with iuitable Ornaments, 
they have fent over two diftindt Services of 
Communion Cups and Pacens in Silver, with 

L Pul~ 



Pulpit Cloths and Cushions, and Carpets and Li- 
nen for the Commun ion-Table. 
rTarttofa § 2 5« They have been likewife careful of 
saffron recommending the Difcipline of the Church of 
England, as far as the Conititution of thole 
Countries will poffibly admit. The Want of 
a Bifhop or Suffragan in thofe Parts was often 
complained of in Letters and Reports from 
thence;, and was therefore confidered in feveral 
Committees : And a Committee was at laft ap- 
pointed to prepare a State of this Matter, in order to 
he offered to the Confederation of the Attorney Gene* 
raly or others of the Queens Council learned in the 
Law. "Which State was accordingly prepared, 
and called, The Cafe of Suffragan Bifbops for Fa- 
reign Tarts briefly propofed , in feveral Obfervations 
and Queries. And this Matter has been carri- 
ed as far as the Difficulties in it would hitherto 
allow, and is under fuch farther Solicitation and 
Advances, that we hope fliortly to fee a happy 
Succefs of it. In the mean time, all young 
Students in thofe Parts, who defire Epifcopal 
Ordination, are invited into England, and their 
Expences of coming and returning are to be 
defray'd by the Society, in purfuance of an Or- 
der made to that Effect. And the Form of a 
Letter was prepared, and allow'd to be fent to 
the Governour of New-England } and one of like 




Importance to the Epifcopal Clergy in thofe 
Parts, incouraging the fending over hither fuch 
young Students as are inclinable to be ordained, 
and to embrace the Miffion. 

§ 16. If any Attempts be made in any of our care of Dtp 
Plantations, that are prejudicial to the Rights and ci P u 
Liberties of the Church and Clergy in thole Parts $ 
The Society do fo far take Notice of them, as to 
withdraw their Afliftance of fending, or main- 
taining Miflionaries in any fuch Province, till the 
Injury be removed or repair'd. Hence a Com- 
mittee at St. Tauts, took lately into their Con- 
fideration a certain Claufe in a" late Ad: of Ge- 
neral Aflembly in South-Carolina, November 4. 
1704. Entituled, Jn JB for the Eftablifrment of 
Religious Worfhip) &c. importing that the Rectors 
or Minifters {hall be removeable by Authority 
of certain Lay-Commidioners, or the major 
Part of them, upon Complaint of their Irregula- 
rity or Indifcretion, made by fuch a Part of 
the Inhabitants : When they had deliberately 
confidered this Branch of the A£t, they came 
to this Opinion, "That by Virtue hereof, the 
" Minifters in South-Carolina will be too much 
" fubje&ed to the Pleafure of the People $ and 
cc therefore they agree to recommend this Mat- 
" ter to the Wifdom of the Lord Arch-Bimop of 
" Canterbury and Bifliop of London, to take fuch 

L z "Care 

.... 1 f I . 

iC Care therein as they fliali think proper. This 
Opinion was confirmed by the unanimous Judg- 
ment of the Society at their next Meeting, who 
refolved to fend or fupport no Miffionaries with- 
in that Province, till the faid Ad or that Claufe 
of it was annulled. But becaufe Mr. Thomas 
and other Miffiionaries attending the Society had 
been before appointed for that Place, it was 
therefore referr d to a Committee , whether 
they fhould be ftopt in their intended Voyage, 
by detaining the Society's Allowance to them 5. 
or whether they fhould proceed on the Society's 
Account. And* accordingly a Committee 
came to this Opinion, That it may be very pre- 
judicial to the Minifters that are appointed 
to South-Carolina, to put a Stop to the fending, 
them over to thofe Parts, by Reafon that all of 
them have already received half a Year's advan- 
ced Allowance from the Society, together with 
their refpective Shares of Books,, and have taken 
their Paffages for the faid Country, and put 
their Effects on Board, and one of them was 
actually gone away ; but that the faid Milliona- 
ires fhould not be allowed to continue in their faid 
Miffions any longer than during the Space of one 
whole Year after their Arrival in South-Carolina, 
unlefs theClaufes in the faid Act of Aflembly, 
excepted againft by the Society, be refcinded 5 

^ and: 

I 77 ] 

and the Matter be put into an Ecclefiafticat Me- 
thod. And they farther agreed, That each of the 
Miffionaries appointed to South-Carolina, mall, 
have Copies of all the Refolutions relating to 
thefaid Act of AfTembly, &c. figned by the Se- 
cretary. While this Affair was upon the Thoughts 
of the Society, who confirmed the Opinions of 
the Committee, they were relieved from all far- 
ther Concern in it, by its coming under the 
Cognifance of the Right Honourable the Houfe 
of Lords, by Means of a Petition of Jcfeph Boone 
Merchant, on behalf of himfelf and many other 
Inhabitants of the Province of Carolina, Sec. to 
the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and 
Temporal in Parliament affembled, fhewing a~ 
mong other Things, " That the Ecclefiaftical 
" Government of the laid Colony is under the 
"Jurifdiction of the Lord Bifhop of London: 
"But the Governour and his Adherents have at 
a laft, which the faid Adherents had often threat- 
" ned, totally abolifhed it : For the (aid Affem- 
" bly hath lately pafled an A6I, whereby twenty 
" Lay-Perions therein named, are made a Cor- 
" poration, for the Exercife of feveral exorbi~ 
" tant Powers, to the great Injury and Oppref« 
"fion-of the People in general, and for 1 the Ex- 
" ercife of all Ecclefiaftical Jurifdiction, with ab~ 
" folute Power to deprive any Minjfter of the 

si Church, 


cc Church of England of his Benefice, not only for 
c * his Immorality, but even for his Imprudence, 
<£ or for innumerable Prejudices and Animofi- 
" ties between fuch Minifter and his Parifli. And 
" the only Church of England Minifter, that is 
" eftablifhed in the faid Colony, the Reverend 
(c Mr. Edward Mar/ion, hath already been cited 
" before their Board -, which the Inhabitants of 
cc that Province take to be a high Ecclefiaftical 
" Commiffion Court, deftructive to the very 
" Being and Eflence of the Church of England, 
" and to be had in the utmoft Deteftation and 
<£ Abhorrence by every Man that is not an Ene- 
"my to our Conftitution in Church and State. 
The Houfe of Lords hereupon entered upon a 
particular Confederation of this Act, and came 
to the following Resolution ; " That it is the 
" Opinion of this Houfe, that the Act of the 
"Aflembly in Carolina, lately paft there, and 
" fince figned and feal'd by John Lord Granville 
" (palatine for himfelf, and for the Lord Carteret, 
" and the Lord Cray en, and by Sir John Colleton, 
" four of the Proprietors of that Province, in or- 
" der to the ratifying of it, Intituled, An Atl for 
" the EJlabliJhment of Religious Worflnp in this Pro- 
tC Vince, according to the Church of England, and 
iC for the ere cling of Churches for the Publicly Wor- 
"jhip of God, and alfo for the Maintenance of 

" Mini- 


c Mi?iifters J and the building convenient Houfes for 

c them, Co far forth as the fame relates to the 

c eftablifhing a Commiffion for the difplacing 

c the Rectors or Minifters of the Churches 

c there, is not warranted by the Charter gran- 

c ted to the Proprietors of that Colony, as be- 

i ing not confonanc to Reafon, repugnant to the 

c Laws of this Realm, and deftructive to the 

Conftitution of the Church of England, This 

Refolution of the Houfe of Lords, with another 

relating to a fecond Act of Affembly in Carolina, 

was laid before her Majefty in an humble Ad- 

drefs of their Lordflhips, to which her Majefty 

returned a moft Gracious Anfwer 5 and by her 

Royal Wifdom, this Matter of Complaint was 

effectually taken away. 

§ 17. To return to the Society: They hzvt Method of 
taken Care to manage the Truft committed to rtc7/w £* 
them in the beft Method and Order, that the 
Nature of publick Bufinefs will admit of: They 
have had {landing Committees Meeting at lean: 
once a Week in the Chapter-Houfe of St. Taufs, 
London, to receive any Propofals, or prepare any 
Matters, or to agree and report any References 
made to them. And the Opinion of thefe 
Committees upon any fuch Debates, is laid be- 
fore the Society at their monthly and quarterly 
Meetings 3 in his Grace's Library at St> Martins 


I 8o] 

hi Weftm'mfter. Their Annual Meeting on the 

third Friday m February , hath been generally held 
in the Veftry of fBow-Church in London 5 where, 
after the Choice of" Prefident, Vice-Prefidents, 
.Secretary, Auditors, Treafurer,0*r. there has been 
a folemn Sermon preach'd on that Occafion, by 
fome one Member of the Society $ and has been 
generally publifh'd at the Defire of the Society. 
As Firjl r A Sermon preach'd before the Society 
for the (propagation of the Go/pel in Foreign Tarts, 
at their Fir ft Yearly Meeting on Friday February 
20. 17^ at St. Mary-le-Bow, by Richard Willis, 
D.D. Dean of Lincoln, on Thil. 1. 27 —ftr'tving 
together J for the Faith of the G of pel. The Second 
Annual Sermon was preach'd in the fame Church, 
by the Right Reverend the Lord Bifhop of 
Worcefier, on Friday March \o. 170). And the 
Thanks of the Society was return'd to his Lord- 
ihip, with a . Defire to print the fame : And tho' 
a Misfortune hindred for forae time, the Society 
are ftill in Hopes of the Publication of it. The 
Third Anniveriary Sermon was delivered by the 
Right Reverend the Bifhop ofSarum, and at the 
Requeft of the Society, was publifhed with the 
Title, " Of the Propagation of the Gofpel in Foreign 
c Tarts. A Sermon preach'd at St. Mary-le-Bow, 
'February 18. 17 o\. before the Society incorpo- 
rated for that Purpofe^ exhorting all Perfons in 

" their 


u their Stations to a/fift fo glorious a Defigr£ 
on Mai i . i i . For f ram the rifing of the Sun, unto the 
going down of the fame, my Name fliall be great 
among the Gentiles 5 and in every Vlace, Incenfe fnall 
he offered unto my Name, and a pure Offering : For 
my Name [ball he. great among the Heathen, faith 
the Lord of Hofts. A Fourth Anniveriary Ser- 
mon was preach'd, and at the Requeft of the So- 
ciety was publifli'd by the Right Reverend Fa- 
ther in God John Lord Bifliop of Coventry and 
Litchfield, on Friday February 16. 170*.— Ads 17. 
30, J 1. Aid the times of this Ignorance God wink? 
ed at 3 but now commandeth all Men e'Very where to 
repent : Becaufe he hath appointed a Day, in the which he 
will judge the World in tf^ighteoufnefs, by that Man 
whom he hath ordained. And at the laft Annual 
Meeting, in the Church of St. Lawrence -Jewry 
London, on Friday February ij. 1705. A Ser- 
mon was preach'd by the Right Reverend, the 
Lord Bifliop of Chichefler, on Acls 16. o. And a 
Ft/ion appear d to <Paul in the Night : There flood a 
Man of Macedonia, and prayed him, faying, Come oyer 
into Macedonia, and help us. All which Sermons 
have been printed, and in great Numbers d;P 
pers'd by the Society at their publick Expence : 
And it may be remembred, that before the 
Courfe of thefe Annual Sermons, there 1 was a 
.Sermon on this Subject publifli'd by Dr, Tfto- 

M ma$ 

[82 ] 

mas <Bray, with this Title, Apoftolicl^ Charity, 
its Nature and Excellence confidered, in a D;£ 
courfe upon Dan. 12.3. Preach'd at St. haul's, 
December 19. 1607. at the Ordination of fome 
Proteftant Miflionaries to be fent into the Plan- 
tations. To which is prefix'd, a general View 
of the Englifh Colonies in America, with Refpect 
to Religion : In order to mew what Provifioa 
is wanting for the Propagation of Chriftianity in 
thofe Parts. With Propofals for the Encourage- 
ment and promoting of Religion and Learning 
in the Foreign Plantations, and to induce fuch of 
the Clergy of this Kingdom, as are Perfons of 
Sobriety and Abilities, to accept of a Miffion in- 
to thofe Parts. As like wife the Means of obtain- 
ing, f uc ^ Parochial Libraries, attefted and com- 
mended by the Arch-Bifliops and Biflhops of 
England and Ireland. 
Expcncesof § 2 8. In proiecuting and fupporting thefe 
:iety ' Excellent Defigns, the Society have been at ve- 
ry great Expences, the dated Salaries, and occa- 
fional Gifts and Rewards beftow'd on their 
refpe£tive Miflionaries, have already amounted to 
above two thoufand fix hundred Pounds. The 
larger Bibles and Common-Prayer-Books fent 
over for the "Life of Churches and Libraries, have 
exceeded the Sum of two hundred and fifty 
Pounds. And more than two hundred Pounds 


r 8.8 ] 

have been expended in (mailer Common-Pray- 
er Books and Catechifms, to be dsiperft among 
the poorer and younger People. There have 
been many other particular Disburfements in 
paffing the Charter: In printing and diiperfing 
Copies of it: In the engraving Seals and Copper- 
Plates : In printing Maps and Carts for the better 
Knowledge of thofe Parts: In the Impreffion and 
Diftribution of great Numbers of Sermons, Ac- 
counts, Summons, Abftracts, Orders, Inftructi- 
ons, and other Papers relating to the good Workj. 
In maintaining a large and frequent Correfpon- 
dence at home and abroad : In erecting and 
encouraging of Charity-Schools in fome of the 
mod: populous Towns in America, according to 
the noble Examples given of late Years in Eng- 
land: In fupplying fome Libraries with conve- 
nient Books, and fome Churches with fuitable 
Ornaments : In employing or aflifting Cate- 
chifts and School-Mafters to inftrucl: the Chrifti- 
an Youth, and if poffible to convert the adult 
Heathens : With many other incidental Char- 
ges unavoidable and very confiderable. 

§ 29. The Fund for anfwering thefe great Fund and 
Occafions, has been laid and fupplied, by the Bww ™ /m 
Providence of God, in moving the Hearts of the 
feveral Members to make their own immedi- 
ate Offerings, and Annual Subfcriptions in Qiiar- 

M 2 terly 

..... [8 4 ] 

terly Payments : To invite in new Members* 
of the faireft Reputation for Piety and Chari- 
ty : To follicit the more wealthy and well dif- 
pofed Citizens for their Countenance and; 
Affiftance $ efpecially chofe Merchants whom God 
has blefs'd in their trading into thole Plantati- 
ons : To fend their Deputations into mod Parts 
of England, and lodge them 1 in the Hands of wor- 
thy Men, for taking and returning any Bene- 
factions that fhall be made by the Clergy and' 
People in Cities, Towns, or neighbouring Parts ; 
of the Country : And to ufe all the other honeft 
and modeft Ways and Means of promoting the 
Intereft of the Society, in a publick Spirit, for 
the publick Good. And thefe Endeavours have 
had fo good an Influence on the Minds of ma- 
ny worthy Perfons$ that many Remittances of 
Charity have been made from a Society of the 
Clergy in Deyonfl?ire, and efpecially from the 
Gentry and others in and near Exeter, by the 
Hands of Mr. Richard I{tng : From the Clergy of 
the Diocefs of Tor ^ by the Countenance of the 
Arch-Bifliop, and the Care of his Grace's Chap- 
lain, the Reverend Dr. Bering : From the Gen- 
tlemen and Clergy in Lincolnflrire, thro' the 
Hands of the Reverend Mr. Jdamfon, Rector of 
Burton Cogles, and Mr. El>ans, Rector of Uffing- 
: From the Clergy and others in Northampton- 


[ 8$ 1 

[hire, by the Hands of the Reverend Mr. (Reynolds, 
Chancellour of the Diocefs of Peterborough. &c. 
From feveral Divines in Suffolk^, tranfmitted to 
the Reverend Mr. Shute: From fome of the 
Clergy and others in ShropJJ?ire, returned by the 
Reverend Dr. Wroe, Warden of Manchefter College : 
From Perfons deputed by the Society in Carmar- 
themfinre and Pembrokefltire, remitted by the Ho- 
nourable Sir John Philips, &c. Many Perfons have 
fent in their generous Contributions with a mo- 
deft Concealment of their Names 3 as feveral 
Sums of twenty or thirty Pounds have been fa 
delivered by the Lord Bifhop of Sarum, byDr„ 
Bcveridge, now Bifhop of St.jjaph, by Dr. Maple- 
toft, Mr. Torriano, Mr. Stubs, Mr. Secretary Cham- 
berlayne, Mr. 'Bowers-, Lord Arch-Bifhop of lor\, 
Mr. Shute, Mr. 'Brewjler, Mr. Gib/on, Mr. Arling- 
ton, Mr. W addington, Colonel Colchefler, Mr. 
Mcax, as the Entries lie upon our Books. The 
moft considerable of thefe Prefents from un- 
known Hands, were the Sum of fifty Pounds^ 
brought to the Society by the Reverend Mr. 
fBrougbton$ one hundred Pounds by Mr. Hoar 5- 
one hundred and fifty Pounds by the Hands of 
the Reverend Mr. Hankj — — as lent from 
Perfons who defire to be conceal d: But the great- 
er!: Benefaction of this kind was made on the 
2.7th o£ March 1702. when Dr, Mapletoft repor- 


ted, That a Perfon, who defired to be unknown, 

had fent by him a Prefent of one thoufand Pounds 

and defired it might be laid one in Lands, or 

Rent-Charges, or otherwife, for the Ufe of the 

Society and their Succeffors for ever. The 

Name of the Perfon was religioufly conceal'd 

till after herDeceafe,when this Minute was enter'd 

upon ourRegifter February i. 1705. "Whereas 

" the Sum of one thoufand Pounds was fent as a 

' Benefaction to this Society, from an unknown 

c Perfon, by the Hands of the Reverend Dr. John 

c Mapletoft, the faid Dr. Mapletoft does now in- 

c form the Society, that the laid unknown Per- 

c fon is lately deceased, and that therefore he is 

£ now at Liberty to impart her Name and Qua- 

c lity, which were before conceal'd by her own 

c Command : She was Dame Jane Holman, the 

c <%clitt of Sir John Holman o/Wefton in North- 

' amptonflhirc, a Lady of great Humility, (piety, and 

' Charity. This Sum of one thoufand Pounds 

with the Addition of two hundred fixty one 

Pounds Eleven Shillings, has been laid out in the 

Purchafe of an Eftate lying in the Parifh of 

Beauchamp St. Taufs in EJfex, by the faithful 

and generous Care of Mr. Vigerius Edwards - 

Member of this Society. Several other Perfons, 

in divers Parts of England, have km up their 

Benevolence to the Secretary, to the Treafurer, 


[ 87 ] 

and other Members $ fuch as the Reverend 
Mr. Walker, Rector of Billing, an i Mr. Blackpell, 
Redior of Brampton in TSlorthamptonjhire : The 
Reverend Mr. Edward Waddington, the Honoura- 
ble Colonel Colchefler, Sir William Drake, Sir 
Thomas Trollop, Sir Edward Seaward-, the Reve- 
rend Mr. Samuel Lowe, by the Hands of Dr. 
Lilly Butler $ the Reverend Dr. Jonathan Edwards, 
by the Hands of Mr. Stubs ^ the Reverend Dr. 
James, Regius Frofeffor of Divinity in Cambridge, 
by the Hands of Dr. Stanhope: The Reverend 
Dr. Thorp, Mr. Meadows, Mr. <I(ailton, Mr. George 
Crifpe, Mrs. Stephens of Epfom, Mrs. Littleton of 
Wind/or, Mr. Turner, Mr. Osburn, the Reverend 
Mr. Staino, Mr. Troughton 5 and in particular, the 
Right Honourable the Earl of Berkley, by the 
Hands of Mr. Nelfon. The Charity of contri- 
buting to thefe pious Ufes> has been fo univerfal- 
ly Approv'd, thatfome devout Perfons have be- 
queathed confiderable Legacies to the Society, 
for carrying on the Propagation of the Gofpel. 
On February 18. 1703. The Lord Bifliop of 
Chichefter reported, That Dr. Eeds, late Red- 
dentiary of Chichejier, has given by his laft Will, 
the Sum of two hundred and fifty Pounds to 
this Society. On April 21. 1704. The Arch- 
Deacon of London reported, That James Clerkly 
of the Middle-Temple Elquire, lately deceas'd, 


3iad given by his Will, a Benefaction of two 
hundred Pounds to this Society, which was re- 
ceived from his Brother and Executor Mr. Henry 
■Clerk* And Dr. Thomas (plume, Arch-Deacon of 
^ochefier, in his laft Will and Teftament pro- 
ved March 3. 1704. gives one hundred Pounds 
to the Corporation for Propagating the Gofpel 
beyond Sea, to be difpofed of by them accor- 
dingly. Which laudable Examples of Piety and 
Charity will ( it is hoped ) in due Time be fol- 
lowed by other good Chriftians departing in 
Peace, and expecting for their Reward the Gift 
of God, Eternal Life. Nor ought we to forget 
what has been well meant, as well as what has 
been effectually done. Some confiderable Quan- 
tities of Land in the Foreign Plantations have 
been given and affigned over to the Ufe and Be- 
nefit of the Society. Mr. George 'Bond, by Let- 
ter to the Secretary dated December \i. 1702. 
Signified his Readinefs to perform his Pro- 
mife made to Colonel Colchejler, of convey- 
ing over to the Society his Right and Title to 
an Eftate of nine hundred and fifty Acres of 
Land in Virginia : But upon farther Enquiry the 
Title was found dubious, and the Matter dropt. 
A more effectual and acceptable Oblation was 
made by Mr. Serjeant Hooh^ a very ufeful Mem- 
ber of the Society, who, on October 15. 1705. 


l *? ] 

reported, That he having made a Purchafe of 
Three thoufand ieven hundred and fifty Acres of 
Land in Wefk-Jerfey, upon Delaware River, he had 
refolved to give the tenth Part of the faid Land 
as a Glebe to the Church, <&y. For which Bene- 
faction, he received the juft Thanks of the So- 
ciety : And has fet a very honourable Example 
of Devotion and Charity to the Purchafers and 
Proprietors of Lands in all our Foreign Plan- 

And many other of the Queen's faithful Sub- 
jects are following her Royal Example of Mu- 
nificence to the New Churches founded in thofe 
Foreign Parts* In a late monthly Meeting of 
the Society, the Lord Bifhop of London reported, 
That her Majefty, of her Princely Grace and 
Favour, had been pleas'd ("thro' his Lordfhip's 
Hands ) to allow five large Church-Bibles, Com- 
mon-Prayer-Books, and Books of Homiles, as 
alfo Pulpit Cloths, Communion-Table Cloths, 
S iver Chalices and Patens, for each of the five 
Churches in the Government of TSlew-Yor^ viz* 
Hampftead and Jamaica in Lonv-Ifland, Wefl-chejler^ 
5^>e, and Staten-IflaruL So far may the Prophe- 
fie and the fulfilling of it be applied to the 
Church of Chrift arifing in America 5' I\ings j7?all 
be thy nurfing Fathers, and QjiEEl<LS thy 
nurfing Mothers, 

N § 30. The 

[ 9°] 

Their mm § ] o. The Subfcriptions, Gifts and Lega- 
*$%,£* cics fo made to the Society, have enabled them 
to expend, for the firft Year, Four Hundred Fifty 
Two founds Ten Shillings and Nine-pence* For the 
fecond Year, Five Hundred Seventy Five founds SeVen 
Shillings and Four-pence. For the third Year, Eight 
Hundred Sixty Four founds FiVe Shillings and Two- 
pence. AndforthelaftYear,toMidfummer 1707. 
the Sum of One Thou/and Three Hundred Forty 
Three founds One Shilling and Nine-pence Half- 
peny. And if their Abilities were equal to 
the pre/Ting Occafions of Supply, they would 
continually fend over more Miffionaries, both 
Itinerant and Refident; They would contribute 
to the erecting and endowing of more Church- 
es, and Chappels, and Schools, and Libraries . 
and by all poffible Ways and Means would 
more and more promote the Glory of God 
and the Good of Souls, by a vigorous Propaga- 
tion of the Gofpel in thofe Foreign Parts. And 
therefore we humbly defire, and carneftly en- 
treat, and for the Sake of the Holyjefus, whofe 
Gofpel and Work it is, we heartily implore the 
Aid and Affiftance of all Chriftians, who have 
wlf lis ' f £ ny Concern for Chriftianity. — "This is very 
/70T " g reat Charity indeed, the greateft Charity we 
"can fliow ; It is Charity to the Souls of Men 
" to the Souls of a great many of our own 
\ People in thofe Countries, who by this may 

f 9i] 

€C be refomVd, and put in a better Way of Sal- 
* vation, by the Ufe of the Means of Grace, 
" which in many Places they very much want : 
" But efpecially this may be a great Charity to 
<c the Souls of many of thofe poor Natives, who 
" may by this be converted from that State of 
"Barbarifm and Idolatry in which they now 
" live, and be brought into the Sheepfold of 
cC our blefled Saviour. — We ought more par- 
" ticularly to lay to Heart, the Cafe of our Plan- 
" tations, becaufe we receive abundance of good 
cC Things from them, and that a great Part of 
" the Trade and Riches of our Kingdom flow 

" into us from thence This is an Argument 

" in a particular Manner to be addrefs'd to the 
" Consideration of this great City, and efpeci- 
a ally to thofe who are grown Rich by the 
cc Trade of the Plantations. — The little Care 
a that we have hitherto taken of the State of 
ci Religion in thofe Plantations continues a ftand- 
a ing Reproach both upon our Church and Na- 
iC tion. And this is what is often objected to 
" us, by thofe of the Church of <%ome. We 
u have indeed many Things to fay againft their 
" way of managing thefe Matters, and in Defence 
"of our felves; but after all, I am forry ttat 
" we can't give them the only full Anfwer to 
" the Objecltion, which is the Denial of the Mat s 

N 2 "ter 

rums Ser i 

r 92 1 

c <ter of Fact. — - The laft Confederation I 

" would propofe, is this, That our Zeal for the 

ct Honour of our blefled Saviour, and of his Re- 

a ligion, and for the propagation of it in the 

" World, is the moil likely Way to fecure his 

" Bleffing both upon Church and State, and to 

u fecure the Continuance of the Gofpel both to 

" our felves and our Pofterity. But if we our 

" felves fliow that we have no Value for our Re- 

" ligion, we fliall have no Reafon to wonder if 

c - he do think fit to take it away from us, 

BijhopcfS*- a We addrefs our felves in the firft Place, to 

s "~ " this great City, and to the feveral Bodies in ic 

" that are the moft concerned in thofe Parts, to in-- 

u Vite them to join in this pious and charitable 

" Undertaking. Shall I need to ufe any Arguments 

"in a Matter that is fo plain, and that calls fo 

"loudly to You? Shall I tell you, what Re- 

"proaches are cafton the ^formation, on this 

<c very Account, by thofe of the Church of ^owe, 

a who tell us often of their numerous Millions, 

,c and more numerous Converts? Shall I tell 

" you, what we have often heard, as a Natio- 

u nal Reflection, that none of the Protefbnc 

u Churches have been fo faulty in this Refpecl:, 

"as we of this Church and Nation, while 

c none had greater Advantages in well eftablifh- 

c cd and populous Colonies, and in the vaft 


L M 1 

u Returns of a moll advantageous Trade.™ Let 

" not our Plantations themfelves have Caufe to 

" accufe us, that while they are hard at Work 

" for us, and while their Productions are fo 

"charged, that they have but a fmall Part of 

cf the Gain that is made by them, fo that they 

"are too low to contribute much this Way 3 

"yet that thofe among us, whofe Dealings with 

" them God has blefs'd with the hundred-fold 

"even in this World, are backward in affiftincr 

" them in their fpiritual Concerns, when they 

"are beginning to offer towards it themfelves, 

" even beyond their Strength. — Let thofe who 

" have a true Zeal for the Honour of our Church, , 

" contribute to raife her Glory, which has been 

" hitherto too little advanc'd this Way,while thofe 

" who divide from us in New-England, feem to 

" have provok'd us to Jealoufie on this Account, 

" — Let not the Obje&ions that may be made 

" againfl: the Thing, as if the Defign were hope- 

" lefs, and mud be unfuccefsful, flhut up any 

" Man's Hand or his Heart. Things of this 

cc Nature muft go on (lowly, and meet with 

" great Obftru&ions, and many Difficulties, 

" chiefly at firft, where the Work is fo accepta- 

" ble to God, and more than ordinary Ble/iing 

c( may be well look'd for, if we be not wanting 

&c on our Part, <&c* 

^ This 



L&fil's C£This g reat and d,ffic ult, but neceffarylln- 
" dertaking, ought to be carried on by all ho- 
:c neft Acts and Endeavours 3 thofe fupernatu- 

' ral Powers which attended the firft Propagati- 

c on of the Gofpel have long been withdrawn, 
" and it were Preemption to look for them : 
:< And therefore we muft call in the beft Helps 
" that humane Prudence and Induftry will af- 
" ford. Every Body fliould aflift as their Cir- 
li cumftances enable 'em, and the Multiplicity 
" of Hands help to lighten the Work. To this 
" End the late King, of Blefled Memory, Efta- 
<c bliflhed a Society with proper Powers, and 

' invited all People to help forward and pro- 
" mote the Undertaking : And the Succefs of it 
" has already been fuch, as gives reafonable 

£ Hope of removing the Reproach that has fo 
" long lain upon us, of neglecting the Affairs of 

£ Religion in thofe Parts of the World. They 

c have built and endow'd Churches 3 they have 
' c fettled Minifters in feveral Places, where there 

c was no fuch Thing as publick Worfliip 3 they 
u have appointed School-Mafters for the Inftru- 
" ction of Youth 3 and are going on to an- 
" fwer the Demands and Nece/fities of ourCo- 

c lonies, and the feveral Parts of them, as far as 
" the certain Fund or the cafual Acceffions will 
" enable 'em. --It may be eafily imagin'd how 

" great 

" great the Charge muft be to carry on this Bu- 
" finefs in any Meafure proportionable to the 
" Extent of the Province. Men of Probity 
" and competent Abilities ought to find a com- 
<x fortable Subfiftance when they go fo far for it, 
cc and have fo many other Difficulties to ftrug- 
a gle with. And 'tis fit they fhould have Books 
" for their own Ufe, and Catechifms and Books 
" of Devotion to diftribute amongft their People. 

" And if it be confidered, how vaft a Tracl: 

" of Ground we have upon the Continent, and 
" how many Iflands we poffefs with Settlements 
" of lefler Note 3 that fome of them have no 
" Minifters at all, that none of them have fo 
"many as their Occafions call for: It would 
" fright one to think, how much is to be done, 
<c and how little there is to do it withall. 
" But God, whofe Glory is fo nearly concerned, 
£t will not fuffer it to fail for Want of Supplies : 
£l He will difpofe the Good and Generous to 
u turn Part of their Charities into this Channel : 
" He will inlpire us ail with a tender Regard 
" to the Spiritual Neceffities of thefe poor Bre~ 
" thren, by whofe daily Labours, the flourifh- 
" ing Condition of this Kingdom is in fo great 
u a Meafure fupported. — To bring all Nations 
" under the Dominion of Chrift ( this new dif- 
u covered World, as well as that which former- 

I 9* 1 

a ly engroffed the Name) is glorious Employ- 
" ment for Heroick Christians : 'Tis a Duty 
" incumbent upon them, and 'tis that which God 
" in his good Time will certainly bring to pafs. 
fiifhoptf t " How jJ?all they bear without a Treacher? And 
Sermon a hoiP fhall they preach except they be fent ? And 
*7°s- "how flhall they be fent, without they be fup- 
u plied with what is neceffary for their Subfi- 
" fiance and Encouragement ? And how r can 
" our Charity be better beftow'd, than to have 
"" the Gentiles made obedient by Word and Deed: —> 
*' We fhould add Endeavours to our Prayers^ 
Ci and do what in us lies for the accomplishing 
" of fo glorious an End. Time was, when the 
u Inhabitants of this Ifland were as barbarous as 
" the Indians are now : Gentiles, carried away un- 
" to dumb Idols, even as they were led. And we 
a might have fo continued to this Day^ had it not 
a been for the fpecial Favour of God, and the 
cc Induftry of thofe Apoftolical Perfons as Sr. 
" Paul, that travelled from Jernfalem, and round 
u about unto Illyricum, unto Spain, and even to 
" thefe Britifh Ifles, fully preached the Go/pel of 
u Cbrifi. And fhould not we be moved by the 
Cl like generous Companion, and hearken unto 
cc thofe, that with the Macedonian Spirit call to 
"" US; Conic oyer into the Indies, and help us. 


" Shall we not do what in us lies, by fend- 
" ing or being fent^ amongfl: them, by ferving or 
" providing for them that enter upon and offer 
" themfelves for this Service^ that the Eyes of 
" fuch poor- Wretches may be opened, and they 
a may he turned from Darkriejs to Light, and from 
" the Pouter of Satan unto God, 

§ 3 i» Thus have we given a true and faithful Conduim 
Account of the Conftitution and Proceedings 
of the Society eftabliflh'd by Royal Charter 
for the (propagation of the Gojpel in Foreign Parts • 
and we here publifh it to the World, not 
for Oftentation of what has been done, ( which 
is little or nothing in Proportion to the great 
Work) but to (hew what a Mighty Truft is corn- 
knitted to us 3 how Sincerely we have endea- 
vour'd to difcharge it 5 how willing we are to 
labour in the Profecution of it 5 and how much 
we want a farther Afliftance and Supply from 
all good and pious Chriftians, who may de- 
pend on a juft Difpofal of their Charity in 
promoting the beft Defign in the World, 
that of the Converfion of Souls, by the Pro- 
pagation of the Gofpel. Pro/per Thou the 
Work, Lord, and make it appear to be the 
Work, of thy Hands. 

f 1 


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